The Future Of Theoretical Physics And Cosmology

Author: Stephen Hawking 60th Birthday Workshop and Symposium (2002, Cambridge, England)
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521820813
File Size: 22,92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 9041
Download

Based on lectures given in honour of Stephen Hawking's sixtieth birthday, this book comprises contributions from some of the world's leading theoretical physicists. It begins with a section containing chapters by successful scientific popularisers, bringing to life both Hawking's work and other exciting developments in physics. The book then goes on to provide a critical evaluation of advanced subjects in modern cosmology and theoretical physics. Topics covered include the origin of the universe, warped spacetime, cosmological singularities, quantum gravity, black holes, string theory, quantum cosmology and inflation. As well as providing a fascinating overview of the wide variety of subject areas to which Stephen Hawking has contributed, this book represents an important assessment of prospects for the future of fundamental physics and cosmology.

The Future Of Theoretical Physics And Cosmology

Author: Ethan Briggs
Editor: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781724240279
File Size: 34,93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 6509
Download

Based on lessons given in respect of Stephen Hawking's 60th wedding, this book consists of efforts from the world's leading theoretical physicists. Popular lessons improvement to a critical assessment of more advanced subjects in modern cosmology and theoretical science. Topics protected include the source of the galaxy, distorted spacetime, cosmological singularities, huge severity, black gaps, sequence concept, huge cosmology and rising prices. The volume provides an interesting summary of the variety of subjects to which Stephen Selling has provided.

The Future Of Theoretical Physics And Cosmology

Author: Alex Garvin
Editor: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781986206426
File Size: 34,27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 9595
Download

Popular lectures progress to a critical evaluation of more advanced subjects in modern cosmology and theoretical physics. Topics covered include the origin of the universe, warped spacetime, cosmological singularities, quantum gravity, black holes, string theory, quantum cosmology and inflation. The book provides a fascinating overview of the variety of subjects to which Stephen Hawking has contributed.

Time Reborn

Author: Lee Smolin
Editor: HMH
ISBN: 0547511779
File Size: 72,14 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 2576
Download

A radical new view of the nature of time and the cosmos—“at once entertaining, thought-provoking, fabulously ambitious and fabulously speculative” (The New York Times Book Review). What is time? This deceptively simple question is the single most important problem facing science as we probe deeper into the fundamentals of the universe. All of the mysteries physicists and cosmologists face—from the Big Bang to the future of the universe, from the puzzles of quantum physics to the unification of forces and particles—come down to the nature of time. The fact that time is real may seem obvious. You experience it passing every day when you watch clocks tick, bread toast, and children grow. But most physicists, from Newton to Einstein to today’s quantum theorists, have seen things differently. The scientific case for time being an illusion is formidable. That is why the consequences of adopting the view that time is real are revolutionary. Here, the author of The Trouble with Physics argues that a limited notion of time is holding physics back—and what we need now is a major shift in scientific thought. The true reality of this manmade construct could be the key to the next big breakthrough in theoretical physics—and could hold implications relevant to issues from climate change to the economy. What if the laws of physics themselves were not ageless? What if they could evolve? Time Reborn offers a radical approach to cosmology that embraces the concept of time and opens up a whole new universe of possibilities. “With rare conceptual daring, Smolin beckons toward a new perspective for doing cosmological theory . . . A thrilling intellectual ride.” —Booklist, starred review

The Universe Before The Big Bang

Author: Maurizio Gasperini
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540744215
File Size: 62,56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 5766
Download

Terms such as "expanding Universe", "big bang", and "initial singularity", are nowadays part of our common language. The idea that the Universe we observe today originated from an enormous explosion (big bang) is now well known and widely accepted, at all levels, in modern popular culture. But what happens to the Universe before the big bang? And would it make any sense at all to ask such a question? In fact, recent progress in theoretical physics, and in particular in String Theory, suggests answers to the above questions, providing us with mathematical tools able in principle to reconstruct the history of the Universe even for times before the big bang. In the emerging cosmological scenario the Universe, at the epoch of the big bang, instead of being a "new born baby" was actually a rather "aged" creature in the middle of its possibly infinitely enduring evolution. The aim of this book is to convey this picture in non-technical language accessibile also to non-specialists. The author, himself a leading cosmologist, draws attention to ongoing and future observations that might reveal relics of an era before the big bang.

2001 A Spacetime Odyssey

Author: Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics. Inaugural Conference
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812382313
File Size: 46,61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 3151
Download

Two theories revolutionized the 20th century view of space and time: Einstein's general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. Their union has given rise to elementary particle theories with extra spacetime dimensions, the inflationary model of big bang cosmology, the hypothesis of dark matter in the universe, the discovery of radiation from quantum black holes, and the fuzzy spacetime geometry of superstrings and M-theory. In this important book, experts present the latest developments in cosmology, theoretical physics and mathematics, as well as share their thoughts on the future of spacetime physics.

Beyond Einstein

Author: Michio Kaku
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780192861962
File Size: 49,67 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 1497
Download

What is superstring theory and why is it important? Can superstrings offer the fulfilment of Einstein's lifelong dream of a Theory of Everything? Co-authored by one of the leading pioneers in superstrings, Michio Kaku, this book approaches scientific questions with the excitement of a detective story, looking at new scientific research that may make the impossible possible.

Dark Matter In Astro And Particle Physics

Author: H.V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364256643X
File Size: 66,93 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 8022
Download

Dark matter in the Universe has become one of the most exciting and central fields of astrophysics, particle physics and cosmology. The lectures and talks in this book emphasize the experimental and theoretical status and perspectives of the ongoing search for dark matter, and the future potential of the field into the next millennium, stressing in particular the interplay between astro- and particle physics.

New Dimensions In Elementary Particle Physics And Cosmology Second Edition

Author: Ashok K. Sinha
Editor: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1483617319
File Size: 23,62 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 8880
Download

NEW DIMENSIONS IN ELEMENTARY PARTICLE PHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY summarizes certain results of the author's theoretical research toward developing a mathematically very simple Unified Theory of Elementary Particles and Interactions (UTOEPI.) Here the masses of the particles of the Standard Model, including the Higgs boson (the the socalled God Particle), are directly represented in terms of the interaction. The book introduces a new paradigm of a three-dimensional time, as an essential extension of Einstein's relativity theory. Interrelation between the classical and quantum physics is illustrated. Examples of applications in cosmology and the significance of the neutron decay in the evolution of matter, and of life on the earth, are included.

Solutions To The Unsolved Physics Problems

Author: Balungi Francis
Editor: Bill Stone Services
ISBN: 9781393469575
File Size: 30,85 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 446
Download

People have always wanted answers to the big questions. Where did we come from? How did the universe begin? What is the meaning and design behind it all? Is there anyone out there? The creation accounts of the past now seem less relevant and credible. They have been replaced by a variety of what can only be called superstitions, ranging from New Age to Star Trek. But real science can be far stranger than science fiction, and much more satisfying. I am a scientist. And a scientist with a deep fascination with physics, cosmology, the universe and the future of humanity. I was brought up by my parents to have an unwavering curiosity and, like my father, to research and try to answer the many questions that science asks us. I have spent my life travelling across the universe, inside my mind. Through theoretical physics, I have sought to answer some of the great questions. At one point, I thought I would see the end of physics as we know it, but now I think the wonder of discovery will continue long after I am gone. We are close to some of these answers, but we are not there yet. The problem is, most people believe that real science is too difficult and complicated for them to understand. But I don't think this is the case. To do research on the fundamental laws that govern the universe would require a commitment of time that most people don't have; the world would soon grind to a halt if we all tried to do theoretical physics. But most people can understand and appreciate the basic ideas if they are presented in a clear way with equations, which I believe is possible and which is something I have enjoyed trying to do throughout my life. It has been a glorious time to be alive and doing research in theoretical physics. Our picture of the universe has changed a great deal in the last fifty years, and I'm happy if I have made a contribution. One of the great revelations of the space age has been the perspective it has given humanity on ourselves. When we see the Earth from space, we see ourselves as a whole. We see the unity, and not the divisions. It is such a simple image with a compelling message; one planet, one human race. I want to add my voice to those who demand why we must ask the big questions immediate action on the key challenges for our global community. I hope that going forward, even when I am no longer here, people with power can show creativity, courage and leadership. Let them rise to the challenge of the sustainable development goals, and act, not out of self-interest, but out of common interest. I am very aware of the preciousness of time. Seize the moment. Act now.

Dark Matter In Astro And Particle Physics

Author: Hans-Volker Klapdor-Kleingrothaus
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354026373X
File Size: 52,57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 4190
Download

TheFifthHEIDELBERGInternationalConferenceonDarkMatterinAst- and Particle Physics, DARK 2004, took place at Texas A&M University, College Station Texas, USA, October 3–9, 2004. It was, after Cape Town 2002, the second conference of this series held outside Germany. The earlier meetings, starting in 1996, were held in Heidelberg. Dark Matter is still one of the most exciting and central ?elds of ast- physics, particle physics and cosmology. The conference covered, as usual for this series, a large range of topics, theoretical and experimental. Theoretical talks covered SUSY/SUGRA phenomenology, which provides at present a preferred theoretical framework for the existence of cold dark matter. Also included were other possible explanations of dark matter such as SUSY Q balls, exciting New Symmetries, etc. The most important experiments in the underground search for cold and hot dark matter were presented. Talks describing the current experimental dark matter bounds, what might be obtained in the near future, and the reach of future large (i.e. one ton) detectors were given. The potential of future colliders to correlate accelerator physics with dark matter searches was also outlined. Thus the reader will be able to see the present status and future prospects in the search for dark matter. The exciting astronomical evidence for dark matter and corresponding observations concerning the Milky Way’s black hole, high-redshift clusters, wakes in dark matter halos were other important topics at the conference.

The Singular Universe And The Reality Of Time

Author: Roberto Mangabeira Unger
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107074061
File Size: 74,52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 404
Download

Roberto Mangabeira Unger and Lee Smolin argue for a revolution in our cosmological ideas. Ideal for non-scientists, physicists and cosmologists.

Concepts Of Modern Physics

Author: Mendel Sachs
Editor: Imperial College Press
ISBN: 1860948391
File Size: 19,87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 3189
Download

This book highlights foundational issues in theoretical physics in an informal, open style of lecture. It expresses the flow of ideas in physics OCo from the period of Galileo and Newton to the contemporary ideas of the quantum and relativity theories, astrophysics and cosmology OCo as explanations for the laws of matter. Rather than presenting the ideas of physics as a fait accompli, the book leaves it up to the reader to decide which of these 20th-century ideas in science will carry over to the 21st century for our further comprehension of the laws of nature in all domains, from that of elementary particles to cosmology. It is the contention of the author that our future progress in physics comprehension will only take place when the foundational controversies between the quantum and relativity theories are recognized and discussion is given to their resolution. The book, therefore, presents an attitude not normally taken in other present-day books on subjects in contemporary theoretical physics and cosmology. Sample Chapter(s). Lecture I: Philosophy of Science (83 KB). Contents: Philosophy of Science; Classical Precursors for the Concepts of Modern Physics; Nineteenth Century Physics: Atomism and Continuity; Early Anomalies and Elementary Particles; From the Old Quantum Theory to Quantum Mechanics; Quantum Mechanics: Heisenberg''s Matrix Mechanics and the Copenhagen School; Concepts of the Theory of Relativity; From Special to General Relativity; The Universe; Conflicts in the Foundations of the Quantum and Relativity Theories. Readership: Academics, undergraduates, and graduates in physics and philosophy; interested general readers.

Parallel Worlds

Author: Michio Kaku
Editor: Anchor
ISBN:
File Size: 50,86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 7808
Download

Sheds new light on discoveries that have revolutionized the field of cosmology and transformed understanding of the universe, offering an explanation of the multiverse M-theory and its implications in terms of the fate of our own universe.

The Problems Of Physics Reconsidered

Author: Howard Burton
Editor: Open Agenda Publishing
ISBN: 1771700726
File Size: 16,54 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 6642
Download

This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Physics Nobel Laureate Tony Leggett. The basis of this conversation is Tony Leggett’s book The Problems of Physics and further explores the insightful plain-speaking itemization that he developed of the physics landscape according to four basic categories—the very small (particle physics), the very large (cosmology), the very complex (condensed matter physics) and the very unclear (foundations of quantum theory)—while providing a thoughtful follow-up analysis from a contemporary perspective to assess how much progress we’ve made and which mysteries remain or have come on the scene since the book was published. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, The Gentleman Laureate, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Back to the Future - Setting the Stage II. The Very Small - Much the same III. The Very Large - Cosmology IV. A Glassy Digression - The perils of affirming the consequent V. The Very Complex - Condensed matter physics meets quantum information VI. Understanding - What it actually means VII. Different Regimes - Nature’s Scales VIII. Schrödinger’s Cat - Different domains? IX. The Slings and Arrows of Time - Irreversible? X. The Anthropic Principle - Better left unsaid? XI. The Future of Physics - From Louis Armstrong to topological quantum computing This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website (https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/).

Particle Physics And Cosmology

Author: H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus
Editor:
ISBN: 9780750309707
File Size: 52,90 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 4592
Download

Feverish activity has taken place in the interface between particle physics and cosmology. This text provides an introduction and overview of the developments in this area of physics, including particle physics beyond the standard model and its interface with cosmology. It starts from the standard model and explains the most recent developments and their consequences in string theory, cosmology and neutrino physics. It also discusses recent and future experiments to test theoretical predictions. and at a level that can be appreciated by graduate students, this title provides a detailed description of the necessary particle physics before discussing the implications of particle physics on modern cosmological research. It would also be useful for mature researchers looking for an overview of recent progress in the field.

Theoretical Physics Advanced Concepts

Author: Aydan Bailey
Editor:
ISBN: 9781682855973
File Size: 66,67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 9168
Download

Theoretical physics is the study of simple and complex natural phenomena occurring in the universe using abstraction and mathematical models. There are myriad areas of research in theoretical physics that are actively being pursued in the world today like string theory, chaos theory, astrophysics, cosmology and biophysics. The pillars of modern theoretical physics are relativity theory and quantum mechanics. These help in understanding astronomical, cosmological phenomena as well as phenomena at the particle level. This book traces the progress of this field and highlights some of its key concepts and applications. Researchers and students in this field will find it a valuable text to stay updated with the latest developments across all areas of theoretical physics. It unfolds the innovative aspects of this field, which will be crucial for the progress of this discipline in the future.

Neutrinos In Particle Physics Astrophysics And Cosmology

Author: F.J.P. Soler
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420082401
File Size: 19,69 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 9393
Download

Up to date and comprehensive in its coverage, Neutrinos in Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology reviews the whole landscape of neutrino physics, from state-of-the-art experiments to the latest phenomenological and theoretical developments to future advances. With contributions from internationally recognized leaders in the field, the book covers the basics of the standard model and neutrino phenomenology. It also discusses Big Bang cosmology, neutrino astrophysics, CP violation, leptogenesis, and solar neutrino physics, including the standard solar model. The contributors present experimental aspects of accelerator and reactor neutrino experiments as well as nuclear physics experiments that deal with neutrinoless double beta decay and tritium decay. They also focus on neutrino detectors, neutrino beams, and the neutrino factory. Drawn from the lectures of the Scottish Universities Summer Schools in Physics, this resource provides an essential foundation for anyone working in the exciting area of neutrino physics.

Physics Beyond The Standard Models Of Particles Cosmology And Astrophysics

Author: Hans Volker Klapdor-Kleingrothaus
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814340863
File Size: 72,94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 1267
Download

This book contains the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Physics Beyond the Standard Models of Particle Physics, Cosmology and Astrophysics. It presents a brilliant overview of the status and future potential and trends in experimental

Springer Handbook Of Spacetime

Author: Abhay Ashtekar
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642419925
File Size: 22,77 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 877
Download

The Springer Handbook of Spacetime is dedicated to the ground-breaking paradigm shifts embodied in the two relativity theories, and describes in detail the profound reshaping of physical sciences they ushered in. It includes in a single volume chapters on foundations, on the underlying mathematics, on physical and astrophysical implications, experimental evidence and cosmological predictions, as well as chapters on efforts to unify general relativity and quantum physics. The Handbook can be used as a desk reference by researchers in a wide variety of fields, not only by specialists in relativity but also by researchers in related areas that either grew out of, or are deeply influenced by, the two relativity theories: cosmology, astronomy and astrophysics, high energy physics, quantum field theory, mathematics, and philosophy of science. It should also serve as a valuable resource for graduate students and young researchers entering these areas, and for instructors who teach courses on these subjects. The Handbook is divided into six parts. Part A: Introduction to Spacetime Structure. Part B: Foundational Issues. Part C: Spacetime Structure and Mathematics. Part D: Confronting Relativity theories with observations. Part E: General relativity and the universe. Part F: Spacetime beyond Einstein.