The Ecological Thought

Author: Timothy Morton
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674064224
File Size: 53,38 MB
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The author argues that all forms of life are interconnected and that no being, construct, or object can exist independently from the ecological entanglement, nor does "nature" exist as an entity separate from the uglier or more synthetic elements of life. Realizing this interconnectedness is what the author calls the ecological thought. He investigates the philosophical, political, and aesthetic implications of this interconnectedness.

Ecological Thought In German Literature And Culture

Author: Gabriele Duerbeck
Editor: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498514936
File Size: 20,18 MB
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This volume surveys the contribution of German literature and culture to the evolution of ecological thought from the age of Goethe to the present. In a broad spectrum of essays from different periods, disciplines, and genres, it conveys both the uniqueness and the transnational significance of German ecological thought.

Dark Ecology

Author: Timothy Morton
Editor: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231541368
File Size: 33,11 MB
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Timothy Morton argues that ecological awareness in the present Anthropocene era takes the form of a strange loop or Möbius strip, twisted to have only one side. Deckard travels this oedipal path in Blade Runner (1982) when he learns that he might be the enemy he has been ordered to pursue. Ecological awareness takes this shape because ecological phenomena have a loop form that is also fundamental to the structure of how things are. The logistics of agricultural society resulted in global warming and hardwired dangerous ideas about life-forms into the human mind. Dark ecology puts us in an uncanny position of radical self-knowledge, illuminating our place in the biosphere and our belonging to a species in a sense that is far less obvious than we like to think. Morton explores the logical foundations of the ecological crisis, which is suffused with the melancholy and negativity of coexistence yet evolving, as we explore its loop form, into something playful, anarchic, and comedic. His work is a skilled fusion of humanities and scientific scholarship, incorporating the theories and findings of philosophy, anthropology, literature, ecology, biology, and physics. Morton hopes to reestablish our ties to nonhuman beings and to help us rediscover the playfulness and joy that can brighten the dark, strange loop we traverse.

Hyperobjects

Author: Timothy Morton
Editor: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 145294055X
File Size: 12,91 MB
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Having set global warming in irreversible motion, we are facing the possibility of ecological catastrophe. But the environmental emergency is also a crisis for our philosophical habits of thought, confronting us with a problem that seems to defy not only our control but also our understanding. Global warming is perhaps the most dramatic example of what Timothy Morton calls “hyperobjects”—entities of such vast temporal and spatial dimensions that they defeat traditional ideas about what a thing is in the first place. In this book, Morton explains what hyperobjects are and their impact on how we think, how we coexist with one another and with nonhumans, and how we experience our politics, ethics, and art. Moving fluidly between philosophy, science, literature, visual and conceptual art, and popular culture, the book argues that hyperobjects show that the end of the world has already occurred in the sense that concepts such as world, nature, and even environment are no longer a meaningful horizon against which human events take place. Instead of inhabiting a world, we find ourselves inside a number of hyperobjects, such as climate, nuclear weapons, evolution, or relativity. Such objects put unbearable strains on our normal ways of reasoning. Insisting that we have to reinvent how we think to even begin to comprehend the world we now live in, Hyperobjects takes the first steps, outlining a genuinely postmodern ecological approach to thought and action.

Ecological Thought

Author: Tim Hayward
Editor: Polity
ISBN: 9780745613208
File Size: 49,11 MB
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This book offers a new introduction to the implications of ecology for social and political thought, arguing for green ideas to be taken seriously by mainstream social and political theorists.

Environmental Thought

Author: Robin Attfield
Editor: Polity
ISBN: 9781509536658
File Size: 12,31 MB
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Environmental thought has a rich and extensive history. Leading philosopher Robin Attfield guides readers through the key developments and debates that have defined the field from ancient times to the present. Attfield investigates ancient, medieval and early modern environmental contributions; Darwin and his successors; the debate in America involving Thoreau, Marsh, Muir and Pinchot; and the foundation of the science of ecology in the western world. He goes on to discuss the central themes of key environmentalist works of the 1970s and 1980s, along with the major debates in environmental philosophy, including Lovelock’s Gaia hypothesis. Ultimately, he confronts the current environmental emergency and the crises of climate change, air pollution and biodiversity loss. Each chapter concludes with a list of recommended reading, selected to invite readers to explore the book’s fascinating topics in greater depth. A pivotal text in its field, Environmental Thought: A Short History will be of interest to students and scholars of history, philosophy, ethics, geography, religion, biology and environmental studies.

Environmental Culture

Author: Val Plumwood
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415178785
File Size: 14,39 MB
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"Environmental Culture: the ecological crisis of reason presents a radically new picture of how our culture must change in order to develop an ecologically rational society. Drawing on a range of ideas from feminism, democracy, globalisation and post-colonial thought, it is essential reading for anyone interested in the environment and our place in it."--BOOK JACKET.

The Ecology Book

Author: DK
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 1465488421
File Size: 15,93 MB
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Explore ecology in this accessible introduction to how the natural world works and how we have started to understand the environment, ecosystems, and climate change. Using a bold, graphic-led approach, The Ecology Book explores and explains more than 85 of the key ideas, movements, and acts that have defined ecology and ecological thought. The book has a simple chronological structure, with early chapters ranging from the ideas of classical thinkers to attempts by Enlightenment thinkers to systematically order the natural world. Later chapters trace the evolution of modern thinking, from the ideas of Thomas Malthus, Henry Thoreau, and others, right up to the political and scientific developments of the modern era, including the birth of the environmental movement and the Paris Agreement. The ideal introduction to one of the most important subjects of our time.

The Ecological Niche

Author: Michael Pedruski
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 22,44 MB
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"The ecological niche is key to our understanding of trophic interactions, species distributions, trait evolution, and competitive dynamics. The wide array of applications of the niche is matched by the diversity of its meanings, and it has been variously defined to be the ecological opportunities available in a community, the functional roles that species play in their community, the environmental conditions necessary for species persistence, the resource-use distribution of species, or combinations of these. Despite this heterogeneity all the niche definitions have assumed that species differ in their relation to the environment, and that understanding the ways in which these relations differ is essential for responding to questions in ecology and evolution.My thesis uses historical, modelling, and experimental methods to explore how the niche has informed ecological thought, and how its current use can guide ecological and evolutionary research, especially as it regards competition. I used a citation network analysis to explore the structure of the niche literature from 1917-1999 and the pattern of its disciplinary spread from its origins among animal researchers. Surprisingly, this analysis revealed that while the niche had spread to a number of sub-disciplines by the close of the 20th century, integration between key sub-disciplines in the network was not strong, suggesting that a common niche literature had not yet emerged. Neutral theory has recently challenged niche theory by suggesting that in some cases competitors may actually be equivalent, and thus that competition may be driven by stochastic processes and not inherent differences between competitors. I applied a modelling approach to assess the predictability of competitive outcome along gradients of fitness inequality (the difference in competitive ability between competitors) and demographic stochasticity, and found that both gradients interacted to affect competition. Outcomes not predicted by niche theory were common in some conditions, which suggests that competitive dynamics may be niche or neutrally structured dependent on how environmental conditions affect fitness inequality and stochasticity. Finally, I experimentally approached the question of how ecological niches might change in response to the imposition of environmental stressors, and found that while the niches of some populations were relatively unaffected by some forms of stress, other populations saw contraction in the size of their niches, and declines in their fitness within the niche after selection in some environments. While my thesis demonstrates that the use and predictions of niche theory are context dependent, niche theory has productively inspired ecological thought in many areas, and is perennially changing in response to its own limitations. As the corner-stone of ecological thought for how organisms relate to their environments it will no doubt continue to be at the forefront of responses to emerging questions in ecology and evolution." --

Ecology And Justice Citizenship In Biotic Communities

Author: David R. Keller
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030116360
File Size: 77,65 MB
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This is the first book to outline a basic philosophy of ecology using the standard categories of academic philosophy: metaphysics, axiology, epistemology, aesthetics, ethics, and political philosophy. The problems of global justice invariably involve ecological factors. Yet the science of ecology is itself imbued with philosophical questions. Therefore, studies in ecological justice, the sub-discipline of global justice that relates to the interaction of human and natural systems, should be preceded by the study of the philosophy of ecology. This book enables the reader to access a philosophy of ecology and shows how this philosophy is inherently normative and provides tools for securing ecological justice. The moral philosophy of ecology directly addresses the root cause of ecological and environmental injustice: the violation of fundamental human rights caused by the inequitable distribution of the benefits (economies) and costs (diseconomies) of industrialism. Philosophy of ecology thus has implications for human rights, pollution, poverty, unequal access to resources, sustainability, consumerism, land use, biodiversity, industrialization, energy policy, and other issues of social and global justice. This book offers an historical and interdisciplinary exegesis. The analysis is situated in the context of the Western intellectual tradition, and includes great thinkers in the history of ecological thinking in the West from the natural sciences, social sciences and humanities.​ Keller asks the big questions and surveys answers with remarkable detail. Here is an insightful analysis of contemporary, classical, and ancient thought, alike in the ecological sciences, the humanities, and economics, the roots and fruits of our concepts of nature and of being in the world. Keller is unexcelled in bridging the is/ought gap, bridging nature and culture, and in celebrating the richness of life, its pattern, process, and creativity on our wonderland Earth. Holmes Rolston, III University Distinguished Professor, Colorado State University Author of A New Environmental Ethics: The Next Millennium for Life on Earth (2012) Mentored by renowned ecologist Frank Golley and renowned philosopher Frederick Ferré, David Keller is well prepared to provide a deep history and a sweeping synthesis of the "idea of ecology"—including the metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical aspects of that idea, as well as the scientific. J. Baird Callicott University Distinguished Research Professor, University of North Texas Author of Thinking Like a Planet: The Land Ethic and the Earth Ethic (2013)

Humankind

Author: Timothy Morton
Editor: Verso Trade
ISBN: 9781788731003
File Size: 26,81 MB
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A radical call for solidarity between humans and non-humans What is it that makes humans human? As science and technology challenge the boundaries between life and non-life, between organic and inorganic, this ancient question is more timely than ever. Acclaimed object-oriented philosopher Timothy Morton invites us to consider this philosophical issue as eminently political. In our relationship with nonhumans, we decide the fate of our humanity. Becoming human, claims Morton, actually means creating a network of kindness and solidarity with nonhuman beings, in the name of a broader understanding of reality that both includes and overcomes the notion of species. Negotiating the politics of humanity is the first crucial step in reclaiming the upper scales of ecological coexistence and resisting corporations like Monsanto and the technophilic billionaires who would rob us of our kinship with people beyond our species.

Green Mass

Author: Michael Marder
Editor:
ISBN: 9781503629264
File Size: 32,62 MB
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""Green Mass" is a meditation on-and with-twelfth-century Christian mystic and polymath Saint Hildegard of Bingen. Attending to Hildegard's vegetal vision, which greens theological tradition and imbues plant life with spirit, philosopher Michael Marder uncovers a verdant mode of thinking. The ensuing work stages a fresh encounter between present-day and pre-modern concerns, ecology and theology, philosophy and mysticism, the material and the spiritual, in word and sound. Hildegard's lush notion of "viriditas," the vegetal power of creation, is emblematic of her deeply entwined understanding of physical reality and spiritual elevation. From blossoming flora to burning desert, Marder plays with the symphonic multiplicity of meanings in her thought, listening to the resonances between the ardency of holy fire and the aridity of a world aflame. Across Hildegard's cosmos, we hear the anarchic proliferation of her ecological theology, in which both God and greening are circular, without beginning or end. Accompanied by Peter Schuback's musical movements, which echo both Hildegard's own compositions and key themes in each chapter of the book, this multifaceted work creates a resonance chamber, in which to discover a radical vision of the living world anew"--

International Relations Theory And Ecological Thought

Author: Eric Laferrière
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134710674
File Size: 77,29 MB
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Ecological crises have never been higher on the international political agenda. However, ecological thought and international relations theory have developed as separate disciplines. This ground-breaking study looks at the relationship between ecological thought and international relations theory arguing that there are shared concerns: peace, co-operation and security. The authors ask what ecological crisis can teach IR theorists as well as what ecological perspectives have been adopted by governments and international NGOs.

Nature S Web

Author: Peter H. Marshall
Editor:
ISBN: 9780671710651
File Size: 16,32 MB
Format: PDF
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This book places the contemporary debate over green issues in its historical context and illuminates what is loosely called 'earth wisdom'. The book traces the development of ecological thought from its origins in ancient religions, and philosophies to modern science and ethics, covering the Taoists, the Egyptians, the Greeks, the Celts and North American indians, as well as alchemy, the Enlightenment, Romantics, Darwinism and Gaia. - blurb.

International Relations Theory And Ecological Thought

Author: Eric Laferrière
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1134710682
File Size: 50,43 MB
Format: PDF
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Ecological crises have never been higher on the international political agenda. However, ecological thought and international relations theory have developed as separate disciplines. This ground-breaking study looks at the relationship between ecological thought and international relations theory arguing that there are shared concerns: peace, co-operation and security. The authors ask what ecological crisis can teach IR theorists as well as what ecological perspectives have been adopted by governments and international NGOs.

Fifty Years After The Homage To Santa Rosalia Old And New Paradigms On Biodiversity In Aquatic Ecosystems

Author: Luigi Naselli-Flores
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9048199085
File Size: 29,56 MB
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This book celebrates the fiftieth anniversary of publication of one of the landmarks of the modern ecological thought: the “Homage to Santa Rosalia or why are there so many kinds of animals” by George Evelyn Hutchinson. Published in 1959 in the journal “The American Naturalist”, this article has been the engine which have moved most of the ecological research on biodiversity in the last half a century. Hutchinson starts his article by telling the legend of Santa Rosalia, a hermit who died in the second half of the XIII century and who spent the last years of her life in a cave nearby a pond. In this pond Hutchinson collected two species of aquatic insects and took the inspiration to explore the reasons why life is present on our Planet in such amazing variety of forms. This article thus inaugurated the season of research on biodiversity. Researchers and students in the field of ecology are the readers to whom this book is mainly addressed but also those involved in the history of Science will find in this book useful information. Issued in 2010, which has been declared “international Year of Biodiversity” by the United Nations, this book is also a tribute to the biological diversity allowing, enriching and sustaining human life.

The Globalization Of Ecological Thought

Author: Harold A. Mooney
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 40,10 MB
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Early Modern Cologies

Author: Pauline Goul
Editor: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9048537215
File Size: 33,17 MB
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Early Modern Écologies is the first collective volume to offer perspectives on the relationship between contemporary ecological thought and early modern French literature. If Descartes spoke of humans as being "masters and possessors of Nature" in the seventeenth century, the writers taken up in this volume arguably demonstrated a more complex and urgent understanding of the human relationship to our shared planet. Opening up a rich archive of literary and non-literary texts produced by Montaigne and his contemporaries, this volume foregrounds not how ecocriticism renews our understanding of a literary corpus, but rather how that corpus causes us to re-think or to nuance contemporary eco-theory. The sparsely bilingual title (an acute accent on écologies) denotes the primary task at hand: to pluralize (i.e. de-Anglophone-ize) the Environmental Humanities. Featuring established and emerging scholars from Europe and the United States, Early Modern Écologies opens up new dialogues between eco-theorists such as Timothy Morton, Gilles Deleuze, and Bruno Latour and Montaigne, Ronsard, Du Bartas, and Olivier de Serres.

The Ecological Other

Author: Sarah Jaquette Ray
Editor: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816511888
File Size: 54,24 MB
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This book engages recent scholarship on trans-corporeality, disability studies, and environmental justice. Ray argues that environmental discourse often frames ecological crisis as a crisis of the body, therefore promoting ecological health at the cost of social equality. Ray urges us to be careful about the ways in which we construct “others” in our arguments to protect nature.

Towards The Ecology Of Human Communication

Author: Marta Boguslawska-Tafelska
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443884812
File Size: 33,26 MB
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There is undoubtedly considerable intellectual and methodological progress evident in approaches to linguistics, from systemic and formal methods, to post-Newtonian transpersonal, non-local models of meaning co-creation built within contemporary language studies. Indeed, such changes are constant - the 20th century product orientation of linguistic research is currently being complemented by ecolinguistic processes, with the linearity of scientific perception and treatment being replaced by the dynamic and multispectral approach of "ecological" theory. This book provides a richly detailed an.