Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Ruud M. Buijs
Editor: Newnes
ISBN: 044453492X
File Size: 35,22 MB
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Autonomic Nervous System provides an introduction to the latest science and detailed chapters on advances in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of autonomic system disorders. The autonomic nervous system controls all involuntary actions within the human nervous system. Core body functions regulated by the autonomic system include breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure, body temperature, perspiration, and bowel, bladder and sexual function. Our understanding of the neurotransmitters associated with the autonomic nervous system has expanded over the past 15 years associated with current research efforts and are now impacting the diagnosis and treatment of autonomic nervous system disorders by clinical neurologists. This volume is a valuable companion for neuroscience and clinical neurology researchers and practitioners. A volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, which has an unparalleled reputation as the world's most comprehensive source of information in neurology International list of contributors, including the leading workers in the field Describes the advances that have occurred in clinical neurology and the neurosciences and their impact on the understanding of neurological disorders and on patient care

Primer On The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: David Robertson
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123865255
File Size: 63,72 MB
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The Primer on the Autonomic Nervous System presents, in a readable and accessible format, key information about how the autonomic nervous system controls the body, particularly in response to stress. It represents the largest collection of world-wide autonomic nervous system authorities ever assembled in one book. It is especially suitable for students, scientists and physicians seeking key information about all aspects of autonomic physiology and pathology in one convenient source. Providing up-to-date knowledge about basic and clinical autonomic neuroscience in a format designed to make learning easy and fun, this book is a must-have for any neuroscientist's bookshelf! Greatly amplified and updated from previous edition including the latest developments in the field of autonomic cardiovascular regulation and neuroscience Provides key information about all aspects of autonomic physiology and pathology Discusses stress and how its effects on the body are mediated Compiles contributions by over 140 experts on the autonomic nervous system

The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: John Newport Langley
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 80,49 MB
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Langley defined the autonomic nervous system as an efferent system. He divided it into the orthosympathetic and the parasympathetic.

The Autonomic Nervous System And Exercise

Author: J. Hilary Green
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1489929193
File Size: 34,27 MB
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Integrative Action Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Wilfrid Jänig
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139456776
File Size: 70,64 MB
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Almost all bodily functions are dependent on the functioning of the autonomic nervous system - from the cardiovascular system, the gastrointestinal tract, the evacuative and sexual organs, to the regulation of temperature, metabolism and tissue defence. Balanced functioning of this system is an important basis of our life and well-being. This book gives a detailed description of the cellular and integrative organization of the autonomic nervous system, covering both peripheral and central aspects. It brings to light modern neurobiological concepts that allow understanding of why the healthy system runs so smoothly and why its deterioration has such disastrous consequences. This academic reference volume will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying the neurobiology of the autonomic nervous system within the various biological and medical sciences and will give access to ideas propagated in psychosomatic and alternative medicines.

Clinical Assessment Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Satoshi Iwase
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 4431560122
File Size: 22,46 MB
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This book describes newly developed methods of assessing the autonomic nervous system. Up-to-date information on microneurographic analysis of human cardiovascular and thermoregulatory function in humans, heart rate variability, and 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy are provided. Microneurography, which was originally developed as a technique to analyze the afferent muscle spindle, came to be used to analyze sympathetic nerve activity in the mid-1980s. In the twenty-first century, this technique has become prevalent all over the world especially in investigating the pathophysiology of human cardiovascular function. It is also now used in researching human thermoregulatory function. Heart rate variability is another valuable tool in investigating the current status of human vagal function and in predicting future cardiovascular disease. MIBG is also used to assess cardiac noradrenergic function, especially decreases associated with Parkinson’s disease, Lewy body disease, and multisystem atrophy. Overviews of recent advances in these three important assessments are provided by leading experts.Clinical Assessment of the Autonomic Nervous System is a useful resource for neurologists and researchers of clinical neurophysiology.

Development Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Katherine Elliott
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047071834X
File Size: 44,89 MB
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The Novartis Foundation Series is a popular collection of the proceedings from Novartis Foundation Symposia, in which groups of leading scientists from a range of topics across biology, chemistry and medicine assembled to present papers and discuss results. The Novartis Foundation, originally known as the Ciba Foundation, is well known to scientists and clinicians around the world.

Handbook Of The Autonomic Nervous System In Health And Disease

Author: Liana Bolis
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203908891
File Size: 68,61 MB
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Examines the role of the ANS in the maintenance and control of bodily homeostasis, as well as in the pathogenesis, pathophysiology, and treatment of disorders such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, asthma, arrhythmia, diabetes, ischemia, myocardial infarction, urinary retention, and depression.

Primer On The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: David Robertson
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080473962
File Size: 41,35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Primer on the Autonomic Nervous System presents, in a readable and accessible format, key information about how the autonomic nervous system controls the body, particularly in response to stress. It represents the largest collection of world-wide autonomic nervous system authorities ever assembled in one book. It is especially suitable for students, scientists and physicians seeking key information about all aspects of autonomic physiology and pathology in one convenient source. Providing up-to-date knowledge about basic and clinical autonomic neuroscience in a format designed to make learning easy and fun, this book is a must-have for any neuroscientist’s bookshelf! * Greatly amplified and updated from previous edition including the latest developments in the field of autonomic cardiovascular regulation and neuroscience * Provides key information about all aspects of autonomic physiology and pathology * Discusses stress and how its effects on the body are mediated * Compiles contributions by over 140 experts on the autonomic nervous system

Aging Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Francesco Amenta
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849369810
File Size: 76,97 MB
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Aging of the Autonomic Nervous System is the first book devoted to the aging of the autonomic nervous system. The book presents the most recent findings on topics such as general aspects of the autonomic nervous system, main neurotransmitter systems, age-dependent changes of neuroeffector mechanisms in target organs, and therapeutic perspectives. It also provides a comprehensive analysis of the possible consequences of these findings. Aging of the Autonomic Nervous System will be a useful volume for gerontologists and neuroscientists.

Autonomic Failure

Author: Christopher J. Mathias
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0198566344
File Size: 56,74 MB
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This new edition makes diagnosis increasingly precise by fully evaluating the underlying anatomical and functional deficits, and continues to provide practitioners from a variety of fields with a rational guide to aid in the recognition and management of autonomic disorders.

Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Qi Fu
Editor: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128079878
File Size: 35,68 MB
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The autonomic nervous system plays a crucial role in the cardiovascular response to acute (dynamic) exercise in animals and humans. During exercise, oxygen uptake is a function of the triple-product of heart rate and stroke volume (i.e., cardiac output) and arterial-mixed venous oxygen difference (the Fick principle). The degree to which each of the variables can increase determines maximal oxygen uptake (). Both “central command” and “the exercise pressor reflex” are important in determining the cardiovascular response and the resetting of the arterial baroreflex during exercise to precisely match systemic oxygen delivery with metabolic demand. In general, patients with autonomic disorders have low levels of , indicating reduced physical fitness and exercise capacity. Moreover, the vast majority of the patients have blunted or abnormal cardiovascular response to exercise, especially during maximal exercise. There is now convincing evidence that some of the protective and therapeutic effects of chronic exercise training are related to the impact on the autonomic nervous system. Additionally, training induced improvement in vascular function, blood volume expansion, cardiac remodeling, insulin resistance and renal-adrenal function may also contribute to the protection and treatment of cardiovascular, metabolic and autonomic disorders. Exercise training also improves mental health, helps to prevent depression, and promotes or maintains positive self-esteem. Moderate-intensity exercise at least 30 minutes per day and at least 5 days per week is recommended for the vast majority of people. Supervised exercise training is preferable to maximize function capacity, and may be particularly important for patients with autonomic disorders.

Structure Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: G. Gabella
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400957459
File Size: 47,79 MB
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A conspicuous portion of the peripheral nervous system is part of the 'vegetative nervous system'; it includes all the neurons which innerv ate the viscera, salivary and lacrimal glands, the heart and blood vessels, all other smooth muscles of the body, notably the intrinsic muscles of the eye and the muscles of the hair. Only part of the system belongs to the peripheral nervous system: it has also its own nuclei and pathways in the central nervous system. The distinction between visceral and somatic functions is a very old one in our culture. With the development of neurology the notion of a widespread nervous control of body functions emerged. Winslow (1732) used the term nervi sympathici majores for those nerves, which he thought to carry about 'sympathies' and then co ordinate various viscera's functions. His was an anatomical break through, which obscured Willis' 'intercostal nerve' and Vesalius 'cranial nerve'. The notion was developed among others by John stone (1764) who arrived, with the aid of some very accurate anatomical observations, at the problem of the nervous influence on motion and sensitivity of viscera. By the end of the eighteenth century, it was clear, with Bichat (1800), that what he called 'sympa thetic nervous system' (and his pupil Reil, a few years later, 'vegeta tive nervous system ') controlled visceral functions (fa vie organique), whereas somatic functions (fa vie animafe) were under direct control from the brain and spinal cord.

Nutrition And The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Nicholas Gonzalez
Editor:
ISBN: 9780998546001
File Size: 23,22 MB
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Dr. Nicholas Gonzalez details scientific principles and powerful tools to improve health and well-being to combat any disease. By utilizing various combinations of nutrition and supplements to balance the Autonomic Nervous System, he explains how our bodies were designed to be well and can heal themselves without drugs. The prevailing mindset of the conventional medical community, pharmaceutical companies and diet "experts" are biased towards a "one size fits all" approach. This book details how Drs. Pottenger, Gellhorn, Kelley and Gonzalez used evidence-based science along with observational and clinical experience to create medical theories that explain why no one ideal diet suits everyone and prove the effectiveness of individualized diets ranging from vegetarian to carnivore.

The Role Of The Autonomic Nervous System In Psychiatry

Author: Jill Karatinos M.D.
Editor: Jill Karatinos M.D.
ISBN: 0578131781
File Size: 59,72 MB
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The Role of The Autonomic Nervous System in Psychiatry was published September 30, 2014, ISBN number: 978-0-578-13178-8. This book is written by a neuropsychiatrist in private practice (Jill Karatinos, M.D) to explore novel treatments for 18 complex patients. All patients have multiple psychiatric and medical diagnoses. This naturalistic study contrasts with academic clinical research in that the academic patients in randomized, placebo- controlled trials (RPCTs) are restricted to having only one diagnosis. This is rarely, if ever, encountered in clinical practice, where multiple diagnoses are the norm. Further, psychotherapy by the psychiatrist is included as part of the treatment here, whereas most psychotherapy nowadays is done by referral to psychologists or social workers. The second unusual feature of this book is the autonomic nervous system (ANS) as a focus of treatment. The ANS is the brain and peripheral neural circuitry governing involuntary physiology, such as blood pressure, heart rate, immunity, respiration, digestion, urination, sleep, pain, addiction, fatigue, and sexual and endocrine function. Although the book aims to share information with doctors and neuroscientists, an average person curious about abnormal mental conditions would also enjoy peeking into a psychiatrist's office to see what can be done for these patients.

Peripheral Nerve Disorders

Author: Roy Freeman
Editor: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128078383
File Size: 13,75 MB
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Autonomic testing is used to define the role of the autonomic nervous system in diverse clinical and research settings. Because most of the autonomic nervous system is inaccessible to direct physiological testing, in the clinical setting the most widely used techniques entail the assessment of an end-organ response to a physiological provocation. The noninvasive measures of cardiovascular parasympathetic function involve the assessment of heart rate variability while the measures of cardiovascular sympathetic function assess the blood pressure response to physiological stimuli. Tilt-table testing, with or without pharmacological provocation, has become an important tool in the assessment of a predisposition to neurally mediated (vasovagal) syncope, the postural tachycardia syndrome, and orthostatic hypotension. Distal, postganglionic, sympathetic cholinergic (sudomotor) function may be evaluated by provoking axon reflex mediated sweating, e.g., the quantitative sudomotor axon reflex (QSART) or the quantitative direct and indirect axon reflex (QDIRT). The thermoregulatory sweat test provides a nonlocalizing measure of global pre- and postganglionic sudomotor function. Frequency domain analyses of heart rate and blood pressure variability, microneurography, and baroreflex assessment are currently research tools but may find a place in the clinical assessment of autonomic function in the future.

Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Daniel Pedro Cardinali
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9783319861975
File Size: 17,93 MB
Format: PDF
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A traditional view of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) considers only its peripheral part: the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. However, this view misses to consider the most important ANS function: the maintenance of homeostasis. This term is used today to define not only the strategies that allow the body proper response to changes in the environment (reactive homeostasis), but also temporal mechanisms that allow the body to predict the most likely timing of environmental stimuli (predictive homeostasis based on biological rhythms). This book discusses the ANS from both an enlarged and a timed perspective. First, it presents how the organization of the ANS is hierarchical into different levels. Following that, the book discusses how the ANS changes functionally in the three-body configurations (wakefulness, slow sleep, rapid eye movement sleep) found in a 24-hour cycle. Finally, the most important clinical implications of this enlarged and timed vision of ANS will be discussed. Autonomic Nervous System – Basic and Clinical Aspects is a comprehensive text intended for medical students and health professionals who are interested in a deeper approach to this important part of the nervous system. It provides a detailed and complete understanding of the neuroscience behind the ANS, allowing a proper clinical applicability of this knowledge.

Surgery Of The Autonomic Nervous System

Author: Jonathan A. Hyam
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191509892
File Size: 76,36 MB
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Autonomic surgery is an important and expanding field within contemporary clinical practice. Surgical therapies influencing the autonomic nervous system have historically entailed disabling various components of its network by injurious methods. More sophisticated techniques have now emerged to allow modulation of neural function by electrical implants or by preservative surgery. This has fuelled the expansion in this field as safer therapies with greater scope for patient benefit have become available. As the potential for precise neural manipulation has advanced, so has the number and diversity of diseases which have become amenable to such therapies. This book reviews the basic science underpinning the autonomic control of various body systems and the state-of-the-art clinical applications by which these systems are surgically modulated in patients today. Clinical chapters include details of the procedure, operative considerations, outcomes, adverse effect profile, post-operative management of such patients and reflections on personal experience. Autonomic surgery can be applied to a wide variety of diseases affecting large numbers of the population such as angina pectoris, hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, sexual dysfunction, regional pain syndromes, headache and epilepsy.