Quantum Theory From Small To Large Scales Lecture Notes Of The Les Houches Summer School Volume 95 August 2010

Author: Jürg Frohlich
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191623769
File Size: 41,19 MB
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This book collects lecture courses and seminars given at the Les Houches Summer School 2010 on "Quantum Theory: From Small to Large Scales". Fundamental quantum phenomena appear on all scales, from microscopic to macroscopic. Some of the pertinent questions include the onset of decoherence, the dynamics of collective modes, the influence of external randomness and the emergence of dissipative behaviour. Our understanding of such phenomena has been advanced by the study of modelsystems and by the derivation and analysis of effective dynamics for large systems and over long times. In this field, research in mathematical physics has regularly contributed results that were recognized as essential in the physics community. During the last few years, the key questions have beensharpened and progress on answering them has been particularly strong. This book reviews the state-of-the-art developments in this field and provides the necessary background for future studies. All chapters are written from a pedagogical perspective, making the book accessible to master and PhD students and researchers willing to enter this field.

Quantum Theory From Small To Large Scales

Author: Jürg Frohlich
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019965249X
File Size: 59,91 MB
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This book collects lecture courses and seminars given at the Les Houches Summer School 2010 on "Quantum Theory: From Small to Large Scales". It reviews the state-of-the-art developments in this field and provides the necessary background for future studies. All chapters are written from a pedagogical perspective, making the book accessible to master and PhD students and researchers willing to enter this field.

Searching For New Physics At Small And Large Scales

Author: Martin Schmaltz
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814525235
File Size: 59,54 MB
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This volume is a compilation of the lectures at TASI 2012, held in Boulder, Colorado, June 2012. The program comprises two parallel lecture series on particle physics and on cosmology. The particle physics lectures covers LHC related experimental techniques, phenomenology, as well as basics in physics beyond the standard model. The cosmology series give a general introduction to modern cosmology with special attention to the topics of dark matter, the microwave background and alternatives to the standard model of cosmology. The lectures are accessible to graduate students at the initial stages of their research careers. Contents:Dark Energy Models (R R Caldwell)Cosmological Perturbations (J Lesgourges)Implications of the Higgs Boson and the LHC for the MSSM (A Pierce)Astrophysical Probes of Dark Matter (S Profumo)Modified Gravity (F Schmidt)TASI 2012 Lectures on Inflation (L Senatore)Jet Substructure (J Shelton)Introduction to QCD (P Skands)Super-Tricks for Superspace (D Bertolini, J Thaler and Z Thomas)TASI 2012 Participants (The Students) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in high energy physics, astroparticle physics and cosmology. Keywords:High Energy Physics;Cosmology;Dark Matter;Physics Beyond Standard Model

Quantum Theory

Author: David Bohm
Editor: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486134881
File Size: 32,13 MB
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This advanced undergraduate-level text presents the quantum theory in terms of qualitative and imaginative concepts, followed by specific applications worked out in mathematical detail.

Scale In Conscious Experience

Author: Joseph S. King
Editor: Psychology Press
ISBN: 113499589X
File Size: 70,93 MB
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This volume is the result of the third Appalachian Conference on Behavioral Neurodynamics which focused on the problem of scale in conscious experience. Set against the philosophical view of "eliminative materialism," the purpose of this conference was to facilitate communication among investigators who approach the study of consciousness and conscious phenomena from a variety of analytical levels. One speculative outcome of the conference is that the columnar arrangement within primary sensory cortices may provide the local isolation necessary for nonlocal interactions to occur. In addition, the relationship between unit activity and field potentials within a circumscribed region of cortex may provide the other enigmatic aspect of neurophysiological nonlocality, namely, the common context in the macro scale. So instead of a problem looking for a solution, scale becomes a solution to a problem. Only further research will determine the utility of the ideas expressed here.

Exploring The Quantum

Author: Serge Haroche
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198509146
File Size: 63,67 MB
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The quantum world obeys logic at odds with our common sense intuition. This weirdness is directly displayed in recent experiments juggling with isolated atoms and photons. They are reviewed in this book, combining theoretical insight and experimental description, and providing useful illustrations for learning and teaching of quantum mechanics.

Mathematical Concepts Of Quantum Mechanics

ISBN: 3030595625
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The book gives a streamlined introduction to quantum mechanics while describing the basic mathematical structures underpinning this discipline. Starting with an overview of key physical experiments illustrating the origin of the physical foundations, the book proceeds with a description of the basic notions of quantum mechanics and their mathematical content. It then makes its way to topics of current interest, specifically those in which mathematics plays an important role. The more advanced topics presented include: many-body systems, modern perturbation theory, path integrals, the theory of resonances, adiabatic theory, geometrical phases, Aharonov-Bohm effect, density functional theory, open systems, the theory of radiation (non-relativistic quantum electrodynamics), and the renormalization group. With different selections of chapters, the book can serve as a text for an introductory, intermediate, or advanced course in quantum mechanics. Some of the sections could be used for introductions to geometrical methods in Quantum Mechanics, to quantum information theory and to quantum electrodynamics and quantum field theory.

Complexity From Microscopic To Macroscopic Scales Coherence And Large Deviations

Author: A.T. Skjeltorp
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401004196
File Size: 21,61 MB
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Many mesoscopic systems display `adaptive' behaviour - changes in some physical property that results from a small change in an internal or external driving force. There is a kind of progression in adaptive phenomena, from quantum mesoscopics to complex, evolved cooperative systems and large scale events like turbulence. The field of mesoscopic magnetism, especially quantum coherence and quantum tunnelling in spin systems, and the coupling between mesoscopic magnetism and mesoscopic transport is currently a very active area of solid state physics. `Dephasing' is an important concept in mesoscopic systems like these. A basic question is the limit at which quantum mechanics breaks down and what it can be replaced with. Another interesting crossover is that between complexity and large excursions or events, with turbulence as a prototype example. The book also contains a discussion of finance. Qualitatively speaking, turbulence and financial markets are apparently similar, so our understanding of turbulence may be relevant to understanding price fluctuations.

Understanding Gravity The Generation Model Approach

Author: Brian A Robson
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 981121493X
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Currently, the General Theory of Relativity (GTR) describes the physics of the very large in terms of classical physics, while quantum theory describes the physics of the very small in terms of the Standard Model of particle physics. Unfortunately, the two theories are incompatible and do not describe satisfactorily all the forces between the various particles comprising ordinary matter. At present, one of the deepest problems in theoretical physics is harmonizing the GTR, which describes gravitation, with quantum mechanics, which describes the other three fundamental forces acting on the atomic scale. The main aim of the book is to provide an understanding of gravity in terms of a quantum theory given by the Generation Model of particle physics. The book presents a fully quantum theory of gravity, which describes both the large cosmological scale and the small atomic scale interactions between all particles.

Classical Mechanics

Author: Brian Cowan
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401091714
File Size: 25,89 MB
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The study of mechanics plays a central role in physics for a whole variety of reasons. It was one of the earliest of the quantitative sciences, and had immediate practical applications. These ranged from the study of the motion of projectiles in warfare to the motion of the planets, predicting the seasons, eclipses, etc. At the present time, even though superseded on the very small scale by quantum theory and on the very large scale by the theory of relativity, the mechanics of Newton is perfectly adequate for treating a wide spectrum of problems from the • '"etic theory of gases to the motion of space vehicles. Furthermore, the science of mechanics is regarded by many as the epitome of a good scientific theory and for this reason is studied by philosophers and social scientists alike as an exemplar of the 'scientific method'. We shall commence in Chapter 1 with a brief historical outline of the development of mechanics, mentioning the names and dates of the main participants and summarizing their contributions. Preface vii Chapter 1 Newton's laws 1. 1 Historical introduction Primitive ideas about mechanics were exemplified by the state ments of Aristotle (384-322 Be), who asserted that a force was necessary to maintain motion. Furthermore, he believed that there were different laws for heavenly and earthly bodies.

Why Beauty Is Truth

Author: Ian Stewart
Editor: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0465008755
File Size: 71,80 MB
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At the heart of relativity theory, quantum mechanics, string theory, and much of modern cosmology lies one concept: symmetry. In Why Beauty Is Truth, world-famous mathematician Ian Stewart narrates the history of the emergence of this remarkable area of study. Stewart introduces us to such characters as the Renaissance Italian genius, rogue, scholar, and gambler Girolamo Cardano, who stole the modern method of solving cubic equations and published it in the first important book on algebra, and the young revolutionary Evariste Galois, who refashioned the whole of mathematics and founded the field of group theory only to die in a pointless duel over a woman before his work was published. Stewart also explores the strange numerology of real mathematics, in which particular numbers have unique and unpredictable properties related to symmetry. He shows how Wilhelm Killing discovered “Lie groups” with 14, 52, 78, 133, and 248 dimensions-groups whose very existence is a profound puzzle. Finally, Stewart describes the world beyond superstrings: the “octonionic” symmetries that may explain the very existence of the universe.


Author: Theodore Richards
Editor: Hiraeth Press
ISBN: 0979924685
File Size: 78,61 MB
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"Richards writes skillfully and soulfully about the most pressing issues of our times, and the deeper crisis out of which they have emerged. Drawing from a vast trove of knowledge about the world's religious, mystical, and philosophical traditions, he extracts the most valuable gems, polishes them with the revolutionary insights of modern science, and forges a radiant, new cosmosophy--a universal wisdom that honors the wisdom of the universe. The beauty of this mythos is that it, like the cosmos, is not static but dynamic, inviting our active participation and imaginative engagement.This book succeeds in instilling reverence for a living universe and hope for a dying planet. May Cosmosophia blossom and flourish in the hearts of all beings!" --Darrin Drda, author of The Four Global Truths

Quantum Theory And Symmetries

Author: P C Argyres
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814481602
File Size: 20,76 MB
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The book contains the text of lectures given at the third of a series of biennial symposia in mathematical physics held in odd-numbered years. The subject of the symposium is the frontiers of mathematical physics. It deals with quantum phenomena and includes topics such as string theory and quantum gravity, particle physics and field theory, non-communative geometry, integrable models and infinite dimensional symmetry groups, quantum computing and information processing, and quantum chaos. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings® (ISTP® / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • CC Proceedings — Engineering & Physical Sciences Contents:Freydoon Mansouri Memorial LecturesAlgebras and RepresentationsQuantization and Quantum GravityD<4 Field TheoriesString and Brane WorldvolumesD>3 Field Theories and GravityString TheoryLoop Quantum GravityLorentz ViolationApplications Readership: Researchers, academics and postgraduates in high energy physics, mathematical physics and atomic physics. Keywords:Mathematical Physics;Strings;Quantum Gravity;Noncommutative Geometry

Nonlinear Dynamics In The Life And Social Sciences

Author: William H. Sulis
Editor: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586030209
File Size: 43,78 MB
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Incorporating chaos theory into psychology and the life sciences, this text includes empirical studies of neural encoding, memory, eye movements, warfare, business cycles and selection of time series analysis algorithms. There are theoretical chapters on emergence and social dynamics, and clinical contributions dealing with: the measurement of quality of life for psychiatric patients; psychosis; the organization of self; and the role of love in family dynamics. Finally ideas from non-linear dynamics are applied to understanding the creative process.

Quantum Theory And Symmetries

Author: M. B. Paranjape
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030557774
File Size: 65,19 MB
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This volume of the CRM Conference Series is based on a carefully refereed selection of contributions presented at the "11th International Symposium on Quantum Theory and Symmetries", held in Montreal, Canada from July 1-5, 2019. The main objective of the meeting was to share and make accessible new research and recent results in several branches of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics, including Algebraic Methods, Condensed Matter Physics, Cosmology and Gravitation, Integrability, Non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory, Particle Physics, Quantum Computing and Quantum Information Theory, and String/ADS-CFT. There was also a special session in honour of Decio Levi. The volume is divided into sections corresponding to the sessions held during the symposium, allowing the reader to appreciate both the homogeneity and the diversity of mathematical tools that have been applied in these subject areas. Several of the plenary speakers, who are internationally recognized experts in their fields, have contributed reviews of the main topics to complement the original contributions. .

An Introduction To Quantum Field Theory Student Economy Edition

Author: Michael Peskin
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429973802
File Size: 76,26 MB
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An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory is a textbook intended for the graduate physics course covering relativistic quantum mechanics, quantum electrodynamics, and Feynman diagrams. The authors make these subjects accessible through carefully worked examples illustrating the technical aspects of the subject, and intuitive explanations of what is going on behind the mathematics. After presenting the basics of quantum electrodynamics, the authors discuss the theory of renormalization and its relation to statistical mechanics, and introduce the renormalization group. This discussion sets the stage for a discussion of the physical principles that underlie the fundamental interactions of elementary particle physics and their description by gauge field theories.

Gravitational Physics

Author: National Research Council
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309172675
File Size: 78,21 MB
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Gravitational Physics assesses the achievements of the field over the past decade in both theory and experiment, identifies the most promising opportunities for research in the next decade, and describes the resources necessary to realize those opportunities. A major theme running through the opportunities is the exploration of strong gravitational fields, such as those associated with black holes. The book, part of the ongoing decadal survey Physics in a New Era, examines topics such as gravitational waves and their detection, classical and quantum theory of strong gravitational fields, precision measurements, and astronomical observations relevant to the predictions of Einstein's theory of general relativity.

Alice In Quantumland

Author: Robert Gilmore
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387914954
File Size: 15,23 MB
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In this cleverly conceived book, physicist Robert Gilmore makes accessible some complex concepts in quantum mechanics by sending Alice to Quantumland-a whole new Wonderland, smaller than an atom, where each attraction demonstrates a different aspect of quantum theory. Alice unusual encounters, enhanced by illustrations by Gilmore himself, make the Uncertainty Principle, wave functions, the Pauli Principle, and other elusive concepts easier to grasp.

Quantum Cosmology The Supersymmetric Perspective Vol 1

Author: Paulo Vargas Moniz
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642115756
File Size: 13,36 MB
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We read in order to know we are not alone, I once heard, and perhaps it could also be suggested that we write in order not to be alone, to endorse, to promote continuity. The idea for this book took about ten years to materialize, and it is the author’s hope that its content will constitute the beginning of further explorations beyond current horizons. More speci cally, this book appeals to the reader to engage upon and persevere with a journey, moving through the less well explored territories in the evolution of the very early universe, and pushing towards new landscapes. P- haps, during or after consulting this book, this attitude and this willingness will be embraced by someone, somewhere, and this person will go on to enrich our quantum cosmological description of the early universe, by means of a clearer supersymm- ric perspective. It is to these creative and inquisitive ‘young minds’ that the book is addressed. The reader will not therefore nd in this book all the answers to all the problems regarding a supersymmetric and quantum description of the early universe, and this remark is substantiated in the book by a list of unresolved and challenging problems, itself incomplete.

String Gravity And Physics At The Planck Energy Scale

Author: Norma G. Sànchez
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400902379
File Size: 28,89 MB
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The contemporary trends in the quantum unification of all interactions including gravity motivate this Course. The main goal and impact of modern string theory is to provide a consistent quantum theory of gravity. This, Course is intended to provide an updated understanding of the last developments and current problems of string theory in connection with gravity and the physics at the Planck energy scale. It is also the aim of this Course to discuss fundamental problems of quantum gravity in the present-day context irrespective of strings or any other models. Emphasis is given to the mutual impact of string theory, gravity and cosmology, within a deep a well defined programme, which provides, in addition, a careful interdisciplinarity. Since the most relevant new physics provided by strings concerns the quantization of gravity, we must, at least, understand string quantization in curved space-times to start. Curved space-times, besides their evident relevance m classical gravitation, are also important at energies of the order of the Planck scale. At the Planck energy, gravitational interactions are at least as important as the rest and can not be neglected anymore. Special care is taken here to provide the grounds of the different lines of research in competition (not just only one approach); this provides an excellent opportunity to learn about the real state of the discipline, and to learn it in a critical way.