Models Of Computation For Big Data

Author: Rajendra Akerkar
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319918516
File Size: 47,94 MB
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The big data tsunami changes the perspective of industrial and academic research in how they address both foundational questions and practical applications. This calls for a paradigm shift in algorithms and the underlying mathematical techniques. There is a need to understand foundational strengths and address the state of the art challenges in big data that could lead to practical impact. The main goal of this book is to introduce algorithmic techniques for dealing with big data sets. Traditional algorithms work successfully when the input data fits well within memory. In many recent application situations, however, the size of the input data is too large to fit within memory. Models of Computation for Big Data, covers mathematical models for developing such algorithms, which has its roots in the study of big data that occur often in various applications. Most techniques discussed come from research in the last decade. The book will be structured as a sequence of algorithmic ideas, theoretical underpinning, and practical use of that algorithmic idea. Intended for both graduate students and advanced undergraduate students, there are no formal prerequisites, but the reader should be familiar with the fundamentals of algorithm design and analysis, discrete mathematics, probability and have general mathematical maturity.

Systems Simulation And Modeling For Cloud Computing And Big Data Applications

Author: Dinesh Peter
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128197803
File Size: 54,31 MB
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Systems Simulation and Modelling for Cloud Computing and Big Data Applications provides readers with the most current approaches to solving problems through the use of models and simulations, presenting SSM based approaches to performance testing and benchmarking that offer significant advantages. For example, multiple big data and cloud application developers and researchers can perform tests in a controllable and repeatable manner. Inspired by the need to analyze the performance of different big data processing and cloud frameworks, researchers have introduced several benchmarks, including BigDataBench, BigBench, HiBench, PigMix, CloudSuite and GridMix, which are all covered in this book. Despite the substantial progress, the research community still needs a holistic, comprehensive big data SSM to use in almost every scientific and engineering discipline involving multidisciplinary research. SSM develops frameworks that are applicable across disciplines to develop benchmarking tools that are useful in solutions development. Examines the methodology and requirements of benchmarking big data and cloud computing tools, advances in big data frameworks and benchmarks for large-scale data analytics, and frameworks for benchmarking and predictive analytics in big data deployment Discusses applications using big data benchmarks, such as BigDataBench, BigBench, HiBench, MapReduce, HPCC, ECL, HOBBIT, GridMix and PigMix, and applications using big data frameworks, such as Hadoop, Spark, Samza, Flink and SQL frameworks Covers development of big data benchmarks to evaluate workloads in state-of-the-practice heterogeneous hardware platforms, advances in modeling and simulation tools for performance evaluation, security problems and scalable cloud computing environments

Computation And Big Data For Transport

Author: Pedro Diez
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030377520
File Size: 27,28 MB
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This book gathers the outcomes of the second ECCOMAS CM3 Conference series on transport, which addressed the main challenges and opportunities that computation and big data represent for transport and mobility in the automotive, logistics, aeronautics and marine-maritime fields. Through a series of plenary lectures and mini-forums with lectures followed by question-and-answer sessions, the conference explored potential solutions and innovations to improve transport and mobility in surface and air applications. The book seeks to answer the question of how computational research in transport can provide innovative solutions to Green Transportation challenges identified in the ambitious Horizon 2020 program. In particular, the respective papers present the state of the art in transport modeling, simulation and optimization in the fields of maritime, aeronautics, automotive and logistics research. In addition, the content includes two white papers on transport challenges and prospects. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to students, researchers, engineers and practitioners whose work involves the implementation of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) software for the optimal use of roads, including safety and security, traffic and travel data, surface and air traffic management, and freight logistics.

Security With Intelligent Computing And Big Data Services

Author: Ching-Nung Yang
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030169464
File Size: 79,27 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents the proceedings of the 2018 International Conference on Security with Intelligent Computing and Big-data Services (SICBS 2018). With the proliferation of security with intelligent computing and big-data services, the issues of information security, big data, intelligent computing, blockchain technology, and network security have attracted a growing number of researchers. Discussing topics in areas including blockchain technology and applications; multimedia security; information processing; network, cloud and IoT security; cryptography and cryptosystems; as well as learning and intelligent computing and information hiding, the book provides a platform for researchers, engineers, academics and industrial professionals from around the globe to present their work in security-related areas. It not only introduces novel and interesting ideas, but also stimulates discussions and inspires new ideas.

Machine Learning Models And Algorithms For Big Data Classification

Author: Shan Suthaharan
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1489976418
File Size: 76,70 MB
Format: PDF
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This book presents machine learning models and algorithms to address big data classification problems. Existing machine learning techniques like the decision tree (a hierarchical approach), random forest (an ensemble hierarchical approach), and deep learning (a layered approach) are highly suitable for the system that can handle such problems. This book helps readers, especially students and newcomers to the field of big data and machine learning, to gain a quick understanding of the techniques and technologies; therefore, the theory, examples, and programs (Matlab and R) presented in this book have been simplified, hardcoded, repeated, or spaced for improvements. They provide vehicles to test and understand the complicated concepts of various topics in the field. It is expected that the readers adopt these programs to experiment with the examples, and then modify or write their own programs toward advancing their knowledge for solving more complex and challenging problems. The presentation format of this book focuses on simplicity, readability, and dependability so that both undergraduate and graduate students as well as new researchers, developers, and practitioners in this field can easily trust and grasp the concepts, and learn them effectively. It has been written to reduce the mathematical complexity and help the vast majority of readers to understand the topics and get interested in the field. This book consists of four parts, with the total of 14 chapters. The first part mainly focuses on the topics that are needed to help analyze and understand data and big data. The second part covers the topics that can explain the systems required for processing big data. The third part presents the topics required to understand and select machine learning techniques to classify big data. Finally, the fourth part concentrates on the topics that explain the scaling-up machine learning, an important solution for modern big data problems.

Introduction To Hpc With Mpi For Data Science

Author: Frank Nielsen
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319219030
File Size: 68,27 MB
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This gentle introduction to High Performance Computing (HPC) for Data Science using the Message Passing Interface (MPI) standard has been designed as a first course for undergraduates on parallel programming on distributed memory models, and requires only basic programming notions. Divided into two parts the first part covers high performance computing using C++ with the Message Passing Interface (MPI) standard followed by a second part providing high-performance data analytics on computer clusters. In the first part, the fundamental notions of blocking versus non-blocking point-to-point communications, global communications (like broadcast or scatter) and collaborative computations (reduce), with Amdalh and Gustafson speed-up laws are described before addressing parallel sorting and parallel linear algebra on computer clusters. The common ring, torus and hypercube topologies of clusters are then explained and global communication procedures on these topologies are studied. This first part closes with the MapReduce (MR) model of computation well-suited to processing big data using the MPI framework. In the second part, the book focuses on high-performance data analytics. Flat and hierarchical clustering algorithms are introduced for data exploration along with how to program these algorithms on computer clusters, followed by machine learning classification, and an introduction to graph analytics. This part closes with a concise introduction to data core-sets that let big data problems be amenable to tiny data problems. Exercises are included at the end of each chapter in order for students to practice the concepts learned, and a final section contains an overall exam which allows them to evaluate how well they have assimilated the material covered in the book.

Big Data And High Performance Computing

Author: L. Grandinetti
Editor: IOS Press
ISBN: 1614995834
File Size: 66,84 MB
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Big Data has been much in the news in recent years, and the advantages conferred by the collection and analysis of large datasets in fields such as marketing, medicine and finance have led to claims that almost any real world problem could be solved if sufficient data were available. This is of course a very simplistic view, and the usefulness of collecting, processing and storing large datasets must always be seen in terms of the communication, processing and storage capabilities of the computing platforms available. This book presents papers from the International Research Workshop, Advanced High Performance Computing Systems, held in Cetraro, Italy, in July 2014. The papers selected for publication here discuss fundamental aspects of the definition of Big Data, as well as considerations from practice where complex datasets are collected, processed and stored. The concepts, problems, methodologies and solutions presented are of much more general applicability than may be suggested by the particular application areas considered. As a result the book will be of interest to all those whose work involves the processing of very large data sets, exascale computing and the emerging fields of data science

Data Driven Modeling Scientific Computation

Author: J. Nathan Kutz
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199660336
File Size: 31,77 MB
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Combining scientific computing methods and algorithms with modern data analysis techniques, including basic applications of compressive sensing and machine learning, this book develops techniques that allow for the integration of the dynamics of complex systems and big data. MATLAB is used throughout for mathematical solution strategies.

Python Data Analytics

Author: Stephen Ward
Editor:
ISBN: 9781801096812
File Size: 19,83 MB
Format: PDF
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Unlock the programming skills you need to prepare for a lucrative career in Data Science with this comprehensive introduction to Python programming for data analytics! Are you completely new to programming and want to learn how to code, but don't know where to begin? Are you looking to upgrade your data wrangling skills to future-proof your career and break into Data Science and Analytics? If you answered yes to any of the questions above, then keep reading... Data analysis has become a huge industry with tons of career potential and will remain relevant far into the foreseeable future. With the exponential growth and explosion of new data and the focus on using data to improve customer experiences and carry out research, data analysts will be needed to process and make sense of large amounts of information, with Python being the language of choice because of its versatility. In this guide, you're going to be shown everything you need to break into the world of Data Analysis with Python. Filled with tutorials for powerful libraries and practical, hands-on exercises, you're going to learn how to aggregate, munge, analyze and visualize data in Python. Here's a sample of what you're going to discover in Python Data Analytics Why Python is the perfect language to learn if you want to break into Big Data and data analytics Core statistical models and computation methods you need to know about as a budding data analyst How to master the CSV library for reading, writing and handling tabular data Using the Xlrd library to extract data from Microsoft Excel files How to convert text to speech using the powerful Win32.com library How to use the NumPy library to carry out fundamental and basic scientific and technical computing How to use the SciPy library to carry out advanced scientific and highly technical computing Surefire ways to manipulate the easy-to-use data structures of the Pandas framework for high-performance data analysis How to plot complex data, create figures and visualize data using the Python Matplotlib library ...and tons more! If you're completely new to programming and have never written a single line of code, but want to get started, this guide is perfect for as a crash guide to getting up to speed with programming in general. Whether you're a programmer looking to switch into an exciting new field with lots of potential for the future, or a regular data analyst looking to acquire the skills needed to remain relevant in a fast-changing world, this guide will teach you how to master powerful libraries used in the real-world by experienced data scientists.

Modeling And Simulation In Hpc And Cloud Systems

Author: Joanna Kołodziej
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319737678
File Size: 56,47 MB
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This book consists of eight chapters, five of which provide a summary of the tutorials and workshops organised as part of the cHiPSet Summer School: High-Performance Modelling and Simulation for Big Data Applications Cost Action on “New Trends in Modelling and Simulation in HPC Systems,” which was held in Bucharest (Romania) on September 21–23, 2016. As such it offers a solid foundation for the development of new-generation data-intensive intelligent systems. Modelling and simulation (MS) in the big data era is widely considered the essential tool in science and engineering to substantiate the prediction and analysis of complex systems and natural phenomena. MS offers suitable abstractions to manage the complexity of analysing big data in various scientific and engineering domains. Unfortunately, big data problems are not always easily amenable to efficient MS over HPC (high performance computing). Further, MS communities may lack the detailed expertise required to exploit the full potential of HPC solutions, and HPC architects may not be fully aware of specific MS requirements. The main goal of the Summer School was to improve the participants’ practical skills and knowledge of the novel HPC-driven models and technologies for big data applications. The trainers, who are also the authors of this book, explained how to design, construct, and utilise the complex MS tools that capture many of the HPC modelling needs, from scalability to fault tolerance and beyond. In the final three chapters, the book presents the first outcomes of the school: new ideas and novel results of the research on security aspects in clouds, first prototypes of the complex virtual models of data in big data streams and a data-intensive computing framework for opportunistic networks. It is a valuable reference resource for those wanting to start working in HPC and big data systems, as well as for advanced researchers and practitioners.

On The Theoretical Foundations Of Computer Science An Introductory Essay

Author: Gabriel Kabanda
Editor: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668980438
File Size: 39,70 MB
Format: PDF
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Essay from the year 2019 in the subject Computer Science - Theory, grade: 4.00, Atlantic International University, language: English, abstract: The paper presents an analytical exposition, critical context and integrative conclusion on the discussion on the meaning, significance and potential applications of theoretical foundations of computer science with respect to Algorithms Design and Analysis, Complexity Theory, Turing Machines, Finite Automata, Cryptography and Machine Learning. An algorithm is any well-defined computational procedure that takes some value or sets of values as input and produces some values or sets of values as output. A Turing machine consists of a finite program, called the finite control, capable of manipulating a linear list of cells, called the tape, using one access pointer, called the head. Cellular automata is an array of finite state machines (inter-related). A universal Turing machine U is a Turing machine that can imitate the behavior of any other Turing machine T. Automata are a particularly simple, but useful, model of computation which were were initially proposed as a simple model for the behavior of neurons. A model of computation is a mathematical abstraction of computers which is used by computer scientists to perform a rigorous study of computation. An automaton with a finite number of states is called a Finite Automaton (FA) or Finite State Machine (FSM). The Church-Turing Thesis states that the Turing machine is equivalent in computational ability to any general mathematical device for computation, including digital computers. The important themes in Theoretical Computer Science (TCS) are efficiency, impossibility results, approximation, central role of randomness, and reductions (NP-completeness and other intractability results).

Handbook Of Big Data Analytics

Author: Wolfgang Karl Härdle
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319182846
File Size: 46,52 MB
Format: PDF
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Addressing a broad range of big data analytics in cross-disciplinary applications, this essential handbook focuses on the statistical prospects offered by recent developments in this field. To do so, it covers statistical methods for high-dimensional problems, algorithmic designs, computation tools, analysis flows and the software-hardware co-designs that are needed to support insightful discoveries from big data. The book is primarily intended for statisticians, computer experts, engineers and application developers interested in using big data analytics with statistics. Readers should have a solid background in statistics and computer science.

Harness The Power Of Big Data The Ibm Big Data Platform

Author: Paul Zikopoulos
Editor: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071808175
File Size: 27,55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Boost your Big Data IQ! Gain insight into how to govern and consume IBM’s unique in-motion and at-rest Big Data analytic capabilities Big Data represents a new era of computing—an inflection point of opportunity where data in any format may be explored and utilized for breakthrough insights—whether that data is in-place, in-motion, or at-rest. IBM is uniquely positioned to help clients navigate this transformation. This book reveals how IBM is infusing open source Big Data technologies with IBM innovation that manifest in a platform capable of "changing the game." The four defining characteristics of Big Data—volume, variety, velocity, and veracity—are discussed. You’ll understand how IBM is fully committed to Hadoop and integrating it into the enterprise. Hear about how organizations are taking inventories of their existing Big Data assets, with search capabilities that help organizations discover what they could already know, and extend their reach into new data territories for unprecedented model accuracy and discovery. In this book you will also learn not just about the technologies that make up the IBM Big Data platform, but when to leverage its purpose-built engines for analytics on data in-motion and data at-rest. And you’ll gain an understanding of how and when to govern Big Data, and how IBM’s industry-leading InfoSphere integration and governance portfolio helps you understand, govern, and effectively utilize Big Data. Industry use cases are also included in this practical guide.

Big Data

Author: Zongben Xu
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9811329222
File Size: 66,88 MB
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This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 6th CCF Conference, Big Data 2018, held in Xi'an, China, in October 2018. The 32 revised full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 880 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on natural language processing and text mining; big data analytics and smart computing; big data applications; the application of big data in machine learning; social networks and recommendation systems; parallel computing and storage of big data; data quality control and data governance; big data system and management.

Biomedical Applications Based On Natural And Artificial Computing

Author: José Manuel Ferrández Vicente
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319597736
File Size: 20,52 MB
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The two volumes LNCS 10337 and 10338 constitute the proceedings of the International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2017, held in Corunna, Spain, in June 2017. The total of 102 full papers was carefully reviewed and selected from 194 submissions during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers are organized in two volumes, one on natural and artificial computation for biomedicine and neuroscience, addressing topics such as theoretical neural computation; models; natural computing in bioinformatics; physiological computing in affective smart environments; emotions; as well as signal processing and machine learning applied to biomedical and neuroscience applications. The second volume deals with biomedical applications, based on natural and artificial computing and addresses topics such as biomedical applications; mobile brain computer interaction; human robot interaction; deep learning; machine learning applied to big data analysis; computational intelligence in data coding and transmission; and applications.

Computational Intelligence In Data Mining

Author: Giacomo Della Riccia
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783211833261
File Size: 80,44 MB
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The book aims to merge Computational Intelligence with Data Mining, which are both hot topics of current research and industrial development, Computational Intelligence, incorporates techniques like data fusion, uncertain reasoning, heuristic search, learning, and soft computing. Data Mining focuses on unscrambling unknown patterns or structures in very large data sets. Under the headline "Discovering Structures in Large Databases” the book starts with a unified view on 'Data Mining and Statistics – A System Point of View'. Two special techniques follow: 'Subgroup Mining', and 'Data Mining with Possibilistic Graphical Models'. "Data Fusion and Possibilistic or Fuzzy Data Analysis” is the next area of interest. An overview of possibilistic logic, nonmonotonic reasoning and data fusion is given, the coherence problem between data and non-linear fuzzy models is tackled, and outlier detection based on learning of fuzzy models is studied. In the domain of "Classification and Decomposition” adaptive clustering and visualisation of high dimensional data sets is introduced. Finally, in the section "Learning and Data Fusion” learning of special multi-agents of virtual soccer is considered. The last topic is on data fusion based on stochastic models.

Mathematical Foundations Of Big Data Analytics

Author: Vladimir Shikhman
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3662625210
File Size: 10,53 MB
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Data Mining

Author: Mehmed Kantardzic
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119516048
File Size: 58,77 MB
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Presents the latest techniques for analyzing and extracting information from large amounts of data in high-dimensional data spaces The revised and updated third edition of Data Mining contains in one volume an introduction to a systematic approach to the analysis of large data sets that integrates results from disciplines such as statistics, artificial intelligence, data bases, pattern recognition, and computer visualization. Advances in deep learning technology have opened an entire new spectrum of applications. The author—a noted expert on the topic—explains the basic concepts, models, and methodologies that have been developed in recent years. This new edition introduces and expands on many topics, as well as providing revised sections on software tools and data mining applications. Additional changes include an updated list of references for further study, and an extended list of problems and questions that relate to each chapter.This third edition presents new and expanded information that: • Explores big data and cloud computing • Examines deep learning • Includes information on convolutional neural networks (CNN) • Offers reinforcement learning • Contains semi-supervised learning and S3VM • Reviews model evaluation for unbalanced data Written for graduate students in computer science, computer engineers, and computer information systems professionals, the updated third edition of Data Mining continues to provide an essential guide to the basic principles of the technology and the most recent developments in the field.

Mathematical Problems In Data Science

Author: Li M. Chen
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319251279
File Size: 61,64 MB
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This book describes current problems in data science and Big Data. Key topics are data classification, Graph Cut, the Laplacian Matrix, Google Page Rank, efficient algorithms, hardness of problems, different types of big data, geometric data structures, topological data processing, and various learning methods. For unsolved problems such as incomplete data relation and reconstruction, the book includes possible solutions and both statistical and computational methods for data analysis. Initial chapters focus on exploring the properties of incomplete data sets and partial-connectedness among data points or data sets. Discussions also cover the completion problem of Netflix matrix; machine learning method on massive data sets; image segmentation and video search. This book introduces software tools for data science and Big Data such MapReduce, Hadoop, and Spark. This book contains three parts. The first part explores the fundamental tools of data science. It includes basic graph theoretical methods, statistical and AI methods for massive data sets. In second part, chapters focus on the procedural treatment of data science problems including machine learning methods, mathematical image and video processing, topological data analysis, and statistical methods. The final section provides case studies on special topics in variational learning, manifold learning, business and financial data rec overy, geometric search, and computing models. Mathematical Problems in Data Science is a valuable resource for researchers and professionals working in data science, information systems and networks. Advanced-level students studying computer science, electrical engineering and mathematics will also find the content helpful.