Kant And The Exact Sciences

Author: Michael Friedman
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674500358
File Size: 43,16 MB
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Kant sought throughout his life to provide a philosophy adequate to the sciences of his time--especially Euclidean geometry and Newtonian physics. In this new book, Michael Friedman argues that Kant's continuing efforts to find a metaphysics that could provide a foundation for the sciences is of the utmost importance in understanding the development of his philosophical thought from its earliest beginnings in the thesis of 1747, through the Critique of Pure Reason, to his last unpublished writings in the Opus postumum. Previous commentators on Kant have typically minimized these efforts because the sciences in question have since been outmoded. Friedman argues that, on the contrary, Kant's philosophy is shaped by extraordinarily deep insight into the foundations of the exact sciences as he found them, and that this represents one of the greatest strengths of his philosophy. Friedman examines Kant's engagement with geometry, arithmetic and algebra, the foundations of mechanics, and the law of gravitation in Part One. He then devotes Part Two to the Opus postumum, showing how Kant's need to come to terms with developments in the physics of heat and in chemistry formed a primary motive for his projected Transition from the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science to Physics. Kant and the Exact Sciences is a book of high scholarly achievement, argued with impressive power. It represents a great advance in our understanding of Kant's philosophy of science.

Kant And Mathematics Today

Author: Joong Fang
Editor:
ISBN: 9780773485112
File Size: 46,58 MB
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This is a study of the first Critique of Immanuel Kant, examining the first Critque as a whole, liimiting the study strictly relative to mathematics. The greatest emphasis is on the relevance and compatibility between Kant's epistemology and mathematics proper in the mainstream, yesterday, today and tomroow. This text draws a line of demarcation between mathematics and metamathmatics.

A Companion To Kant

Author: Graham Bird
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405197595
File Size: 15,64 MB
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The Post Critical Kant

Author: Bryan Hall
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317624041
File Size: 31,35 MB
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In this book, Bryan Wesley Hall breaks new ground in Kant scholarship, exploring the gap in Kant’s Critical philosophy in relation to his post-Critical work by turning to Kant’s final, unpublished work, the so-called Opus Postumum. Although Kant considered this project to be the "keystone" of his philosophical efforts, it has been largely neglected by scholars. Hall argues that only by understanding the Opus Postumum can we fully comprehend both Kant’s mature view as well as his Critical project. In letters from 1798, Kant claims to have discovered a "gap" in the Critical philosophy that requires effecting a "transition from the metaphysical foundations of natural science to physics"; unfortunately, Kant does not make clear exactly what this gap is or how the transition is supposed to fill the gap. To resolve these issues, Hall draws on the Opus Postumum, arguing that Kant’s transition project can solve certain perennial problems with the Critical philosophy. This volume provides a powerful alternative to all current interpretations of the Opus Postumum, arguing that Kant’s transition project is best seen as the post-Critical culmination of his Critical philosophy. Hall carefully examines the deep connections between the Opus Postumum and the view Kant develops in the Critique of Pure Reason, to suggest that properly understanding the post-Critical Kant will significantly revise our view of Kant’s Critical period.

From Kant To Husserl

Author: Charles Parsons
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674065425
File Size: 12,30 MB
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In From Kant to Husserl, Charles Parsons examines a wide range of historical opinion on philosophical questions from mathematics to phenomenology. Amplifying his early ideas on Kant’s philosophy of arithmetic, the author then turns to reflections on Frege, Brentano, and Husserl.

Kant Science And Human Nature

Author: Robert Hanna
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199285543
File Size: 54,91 MB
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Robert Hanna argues for the importance of Kant's theories of the epistemological, metaphysical, and practical foundations of the 'exact sciences'--- relegated to the dustbin of the history of philosophy for most of the 20th century.Hanna's earlier book Kant and the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy (OUP 2001), explores basic conceptual and historical connections between Immanuel Kant's 18th-century Critical Philosophy and the tradition of mainstream analytic philosophy from Frege to Quine. The central topics of the analytic tradition in its early and middle periods were meaning and necessity. But the central theme of mainstream analytic philosophy after 1950 is scientific naturalism, which holds---to use WilfridSellars's apt phrase---that 'science is the measure of all things'. This type of naturalism is explicitly reductive. Kant, Science, and Human Nature has two aims, one negative and one positive. Its negative aim is to develop a Kantian critique of scientific naturalism. But its positive and more fundamentalaim is to work out the elements of a humane, realistic, and nonreductive Kantian account of the foundations of the exact sciences. According to this account, the essential properties of the natural world are directly knowable through human sense perception (empirical realism), and practical reason is both explanatorily and ontologically prior to theoretical reason (the primacy of the practical).

Kants Philosophie Der Natur

Author: Ernst-Otto Jan Onnasch
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110207125
File Size: 34,22 MB
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The papers in this collected volume analyse Kant s nature philosophy against the background of the history of its development and of its continuation in the opus postumum, in Hegel s work and in the later debate in the context of its significance for systematicity and justification theory. "

Cosmological Aesthetics Through The Kantian Sublime And Nietzschean Dionysian

Author: Erman Kaplama
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0761862595
File Size: 35,91 MB
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Comparing the Kantian sublime and Nietzschean Dionysian, Erman Kaplama introduces two new principles to philosophy of art: transition and motion. Drawing on the Heraclitean logos and phusis, he explores the notion of transition (Übergang) in Kant’s Opus Postumum and revises the idea of nature as the principle of motion (phusis).

Kant Science And Human Nature

Author: Robert Hanna
Editor:
ISBN: 9780191713965
File Size: 66,90 MB
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Hanna argues for the importance of Kant's theories of the epistemological, metaphysical, and practical foundations of the 'exact sciences'. This book aims to work out the elements of a nonreductive Kantian account of the foundations of the exact sciences.

The Palgrave Kant Handbook

Author: Matthew C. Altman
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137546565
File Size: 51,64 MB
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This remarkably comprehensive Handbook provides a multifaceted yet carefully crafted investigation into the work of Immanuel Kant, one of the greatest philosophers the world has ever seen. With original contributions from leading international scholars in the field, this authoritative volume first sets Kant’s work in its biographical and historical context. It then proceeds to explain and evaluate his revolutionary work in metaphysics and epistemology, logic, ethics, aesthetics, philosophy of science, philosophy of religion, political philosophy, philosophy of history, philosophy of education, and anthropology. Key Features: • Draws attention to the foundations of Kant’s varied philosophical insights — transcendental idealism, logic, and the bridge between theoretical and practical reason • Considers hitherto neglected topics such as sexuality and the philosophy of education • Explores the immense impact of his ground-breaking work on subsequent intellectual movements Serving as a touchstone for meaningful discussion about Kant’s philosophical and historical importance, this definitive Handbook is essential reading for Kant scholars who want to keep abreast of the field and for advanced students wishing to explore the frontiers of the subject.

Sprache Und Sprachen In Den Wissenschaften

Author: Walter de Gruyter & Co
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110155792
File Size: 38,80 MB
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In dem vorliegenden Band unternehmen namhafte Wissenschaftsphilosophen und Sprachwissenschaftler den Versuch, von ihren jeweiligen Standpunkten aus über die fundamentale Rolle der Sprache in Wissenschaft und Alltag nachzudenken. Zugleich werden die derzeit wichtigsten zeitgenössischen Modelle zur Struktur und Funktion von Sprache von jeweiligen Fachvertretern vorgestellt und diskutiert. Hierbei werden Fragen der Realitäts- bzw. Gegenstandskonstitution behandelt sowie Aspekte der Erklärungskraft und Grenzen der unterschiedlichen Forschungspositionen erörtert. Abschließend werden Probleme der wissenschaftlichen Fachkommunikation betrachtet. Der vorliegende Band vermittelt einen umfassenden Einblick in Positionen und Probleme der zeitgenössischen Forschung. Wer sich zum Thema 'Sprache und Sprachen in den Wissenschaften' grundlegend informieren will, findet derzeit kein vergleichbares Buch.

Kant S Intuitionism

Author: Lorne Falkenstein
Editor: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802037749
File Size: 28,55 MB
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Kant's Intuitionism examines Kant's account of the human cognitive faculties, his views on space, and his reasons for denying that we have knowledge of things as they are in themselves.

Kant S Final Synthesis

Author: Professor of Philosophy Eckart Forster
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674001664
File Size: 14,36 MB
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This is the first book in English devoted entirely to Kantâe(tm)s Opus Postumum and its place in the Kantian oeuvre. Over the last few decades, the importance of this text for our understanding of Kantâe(tm)s philosophy has emerged with increasing clarity. Although Kant began it in order to solve a relatively minor problem within his philosophy, his reflections soon forced him to readdress virtually all the key problems of his critical philosophy: the objective validity of the categories, the dynamical theory of matter, the natures of space and time, the refutation of idealism, the theory of the self and its agency, the question of living organisms, the doctrine of the practical postulates and the idea of God, the unity of theoretical and practical reason, and the idea of transcendental philosophy itself. In the end Kant was convinced that these problems, some of which had preoccupied him throughout his career, could finally be brought to a coherent and adequate solution and integrated into a single philosophical conception. As Eckart Förster shows in his penetrating study, Kantâe(tm)s conviction deserves not only our intellectual respect but also our undivided philosophical attention. Förster provides detailed analyses of the key problems of Kantâe(tm)s Opus Postumum and also relates them to Kantâe(tm)s major published writings. In this way he provides unique insights into the extraordinary continuity and inner dynamics of Kantâe(tm)s transcendental philosophy as it progresses toward its final synthesis.

Kant

Author: Hariolf Oberer
Editor: Königshausen & Neumann
ISBN: 9783826011689
File Size: 61,20 MB
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Science And Scientism In Nineteenth Century Europe

Author:
Editor: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252074335
File Size: 12,46 MB
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Exploring the natural scientific foundations of far-reaching social ideologies The nineteenth century produced scientific and cultural revolutions that forever transformed modern European life. Although these critical developments are often studied independently, Richard G. Olson's Science and Scientism in Nineteenth-Century Europe provides an integrated account of the history of science and its impact on intellectual and social trends of the day. Focusing on the natural scientific foundations underlying liberalism, socialism, positivism, communism, and social Darwinism, Olson explores how these movements employed science to clarify their own understanding of Enlightenment ideals, as well as their understanding of progress, religion, industry, imperialism, and racism. Starting with the impact of the French Revolution on scientific thought, Olson engages with key texts from J. B. Say, Henri Saint-Simon, Kant, Goethe, Darwin, Walter Bagehot, and Edward Bellamy to demonstrate the complex set of forces that shaped nineteenth-century thinking.

The Order Of Nature In Aristotle S Physics

Author: Helen S. Lang
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521042291
File Size: 27,42 MB
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Lang demonstrates a method for reading the texts of Aristotle by revealing a continuous line of argument running from the Physics to De Caelo.

Hans Christian Rsted And The Romantic Legacy In Science

Author: Robert M. Brain
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140202987X
File Size: 62,12 MB
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This fascinating text is an exploration of the relationship between science and philosophy in the early nineteenth century. This subject remains one of the most misunderstood topics in modern European intellectual history. By taking the brilliant career of Danish physicist-philosopher Hans Christian Ørsted as their organizing theme, leading international philosophers and historians of science reveal illuminating new perspectives on the intellectual map of Europe in the age of revolution and romanticism.

The Bloomsbury Companion To Kant

Author: Gary Banham
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472586808
File Size: 25,93 MB
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Immanuel Kant is widely considered to be the most important and influential thinker of modern Europe and the late Enlightenment. His philosophy is extraordinarily wide-ranging and his influence has been pervasive throughout eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth-century thought, in particular in the work of the German Idealists, and also in both Analytic and Continental philosophy today. Now available as a new and expanded edition in paperback, this accessible companion to Kant features more than 100 specially commissioned entries, written by a team of experts in the field, covering every aspect of his philosophy. The Bloomsbury Companion to Kant presents a comprehensive overview of the historical and philosophical context in which Kant wrote and the various features, themes and topics apparent in his thought. It also includes extensive synopses of all his major published works and a survey of the key lines of reception and influence including a new addition on Schopenhauer's reception of Kant. It concludes with a thorough bibliography of English language secondary literature, now expanded for this edition to include all cutting-edge publications in the area. This is an essential and practical research tool for those working in the field of eighteenth-century German philosophy and Kant.

Kant Metaphysical Foundations Of Natural Science

Author: Immanuel Kant
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521544757
File Size: 23,56 MB
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A translation of Kant's mature reflections on issues in the philosophy of natural science.

Rethinking Kant

Author: Oliver Thorndike
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443834335
File Size: 53,36 MB
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The series Rethinking Kant bears witness to the richness and vitality of Kantian studies. The series offers an alternative publishing venue of the highest quality, attractive to scholars who want to reach a readership of specialists and non-specialist alike. The collection is unique in its kind, for it garners papers from a whole generation of Kantian thought, ranging from doctoral students and recent PhDs to well-established thinkers in the field. This is the third volume in the series. It contains papers from three regional study groups of the North American Kant Society, and thus takes the pulse of current Kantian scholarship.