101 Problems For The Armchair Scientist

Author: Joel Levy
Editor:
ISBN: 9781435164734
File Size: 28,51 MB
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Is running always faster than walking? If you froze your hand in liquid nitrogen and hit it with a hammer, would it shatter? Could you survive in a falling elevator by jumping as it hit the ground? Why can't a fly get out of the toilet? This fascinating foray into the world of science tackles some perplexing problems that have baffled even the brainiest of scientists. It presents you with 101 imaginative scenarios--from everyday life to the human body, and from the natural world to outer space--and provides the scientific reasons or theories behind why they are possible. Including: why an ant can survive in a microwave; why some people sneeze when they see bright light; and why it takes longer for a ball to come down than go up. - Back cover

101 Dilemmas For The Armchair Scientist

Author: Joel Levy
Editor:
ISBN: 9780857625076
File Size: 61,95 MB
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Objectivity

Author: Guy Axtell
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1509502076
File Size: 69,51 MB
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What do you find more trustworthy, experts or numbers, personal know-how or objective facts? Can science claim special authority based on the objectivity of its methods? Are our ethical decisions always better when we strive to be impartial and unbiased? Why should we value objectivity, and is it achievable anyway? These are a few of the thought-provoking questions Guy Axtell asks in this comprehensive new text book, employing examples from the natural and social sciences as well as philosophy. This unique introduction surveys the key issues in a clear and concise way, assessing the nature of objectivity and value of the demand to be impartial decision-makers. Moving beyond the fundamentals, Axtell explores contemporary feminist and social epistemological attempts to reconstruct the concept of objectivity, explains the implications of the so-called science wars for philosophy and the analytical method, and the ethical consequences of these debates. Objectivity is an excellent introduction to one of the most exciting areas of study in philosophy and science today. Students and scholars alike will value this balanced guide to a hotly contested, and vitally important, topic.

Language Knowledge And Representation

Author: Jesus M. Larrazabal
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402027834
File Size: 79,57 MB
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Every two years since 1989, an international colloquium on cognitive science is held in Donostia - San Sebastian, attracting the most important researchers in that field. This volume is a collection of the invited papers to the Sixth International Colloquium on Cognitive Science (ICCS-99), written from a multidisciplinary, cognitive perspective, and addressing various essential topics such as self-knowledge, intention, consciousness, language use, learning and discourse. This collection reflects not only the various interdisciplinary origins and standpoints of the participating researchers, but also the richness, fruitfulness, and exciting state of research in the field of cognitive science today. A must-read for anyone interested in philosophy, linguistics, psychology, and computer science, and in the perception of these topics from the perspective of cognitive science.

Philosophical Methodology The Armchair Or The Laboratory

Author: Matthew C. Haug
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1135107033
File Size: 37,67 MB
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What methodology should philosophers follow? Should they rely on methods that can be conducted from the armchair? Or should they leave the armchair and turn to the methods of the natural sciences, such as experiments in the laboratory? Or is this opposition itself a false one? Arguments about philosophical methodology are raging in the wake of a number of often conflicting currents, such as the growth of experimental philosophy, the resurgence of interest in metaphysical questions, and the use of formal methods. This outstanding collection of specially-commissioned chapters by leading international philosophers discusses these questions and many more. It provides a comprehensive survey of philosophical methodology in the most important philosophical subjects: metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, phenomenology, philosophy of science, ethics, and aesthetics. A key feature of the collection is that philosophers discuss and evaluate contrasting approaches in each subject, offering a superb overview of the variety of methodological approaches - both naturalistic and non-naturalistic - in each of these areas. They examine important topics at the heart of methodological argument, including the role of intuitions and conceptual analysis, thought experiments, introspection, and the place that results from the natural sciences should have in philosophical theorizing. The collection begins with a fascinating exchange about philosophical naturalism between Timothy Williamson and Alexander Rosenberg, and also includes contributions from the following philosophers: Lynne Rudder Baker, Matt Bedke, Greg Currie, Michael Devitt, Matthew C. Haug, Jenann Ismael, Hilary Kornblith, Neil Levy, E.J. Lowe, Kirk Ludwig, Marie McGinn, David Papineau, Matthew Ratcliffe, Georges Rey, Jeffrey W. Roland, Barry C. Smith, Amie L. Thomasson, Valerie Tiberius, Jessica Wilson, and David W. Smith.

New Scientist

Author:
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 66,98 MB
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The Lure Of The Edge

Author: Brenda Denzler
Editor: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520239059
File Size: 37,33 MB
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Publisher Fact Sheet A guided tour through the complex world of the UFO/abduction movement.

Realist Inquiry In Social Science

Author: Brian D. Haig
Editor: SAGE
ISBN: 1473943116
File Size: 60,15 MB
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Realist Inquiry in Social Science is an invaluable guide to conducting realist research. Written by highly regarded experts in the field, the first part of the book sets out the fundamentals necessary for rigorous realist research, while the second part deals with a number of its most important applications, discussing it in the context of case studies, action research and grounded theory amongst other approaches. Grounded in philosophical methodology, this book goes beyond understanding knowledge justification only as empirical validity, but instead emphasises the importance of theoretical criteria for all good research. The authors consider both quantitative and qualitative research methods, and approach methodology from an interdisciplinary viewpoint. Using abductive reasoning as the starting point for an insightful journey into realist inquiry, this book demonstrates that scientific realism continues to be of major relevance to the social sciences.

Los Alamos Science

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ISBN:
File Size: 62,97 MB
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Armchair Physics

Author: Isaac McPhee
Editor: Chartwell Books
ISBN: 0785835970
File Size: 11,48 MB
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Armchair Physics is an interactive guide that's part of a series of fascinating subjects - physics, algebra, and chemistry. They contain clear and concise explanations of different concepts, as well as profiles of key thinkers and their discoveries. A unique feature of this series are the simple, step-by-step exercises. Some of these have everyday applications, others are theoretical puzzles, and all are designed to challenge you and test your newly acquired knowledge. Written in a highly readable style suitable for any audience. The aim of each book is to convey the basic principles of a subject - and the stories behind them - to anyone who is interested in learning about the universe around them, with an emphasis on how these seemingly abstract principles relate to everyday experiences. Armchair Physics covers the history and development of physics and is an interesting refresher book on the subject. It's great as a study guide for the student or an introduction for the everyday savant. Readable, understandable, it is a brilliant tool to better understand the broad ideas in physics.

A History Of The Future

Author: Peter J. Bowler
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108548644
File Size: 39,25 MB
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In this wide-ranging survey, Peter J. Bowler explores the phenomenon of futurology: predictions about the future development and impact of science and technology on society and culture in the twentieth century. Utilising science fiction, popular science literature and the novels of the literary elite, Bowler highlights contested responses to the potential for revolutionary social change brought about by real and imagined scientific innovations. Charting the effect of social and military developments on attitudes towards innovation in Europe and America, Bowler shows how conflict between the enthusiasm of technocrats and the pessimism of their critics was presented to the public in books, magazines and exhibitions, and on the radio and television. A series of case studies reveals the impact of technologies such as radio, aviation, space exploration and genetics, exploring rivalries between innovators and the often unexpected outcome of their efforts to produce mechanisms and machines that could change the world.

Why Science Matters

Author: Robert W. Proctor
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470775432
File Size: 46,49 MB
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Why Science Matters: Understanding the Methods of Psychological Research rises above standard research methods texts by presenting an up-to-date view of contemporary psychological science as it is currently understood and practiced. Explores not only the procedural aspects of psychological research, but also delves into the issue of how to accomplish effective science. Explicates how hypotheses and theories are to be evaluated. Suggests that the proper approach to devising and evaluating theories is by abduction, not by induction or deduction alone. Incorporates new investigatory procedures, current methodologists, conflicts and issues, implications of the philosophy of science, and a lively prose style. Provides a picture of science that will engage students and expand their abilities as both scientists and psychologists.

Darwinism Comes To America

Author: Ronald L. Numbers
Editor: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674193123
File Size: 32,68 MB
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Focusing on crucial aspects of the history of Darwinism in America, Numbers gets to the heart of American resistance to Darwin's ideas. He provides a much-needed historical perspective on today's quarrels about creationism and evolution--and illuminates the specifically American nature of this struggle.

Best Educational Internet Sites For Science And Math Students

Author: Victoria Chase
Editor:
ISBN: 9781571639011
File Size: 68,64 MB
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Loving Faster Than Light

Author: Katy Price
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226680738
File Size: 49,44 MB
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This is an insightful examination of one of the essential problems of the history of science - how does elite, esoteric knowledge get read, used, modified, and owned by those outside the professional scientific community? Price focuses on one of the defining scientific ideas of the 20th century and skillfully demonstrates the many genres and styles through which it was adopted and changed.

Research Methodologies Innovations And Philosophies In Software Systems Engineering And Information Systems

Author: Mora, Manuel
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466601809
File Size: 72,62 MB
Format: PDF
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Philosophical paradigms, theoretical frameworks, and methodologies make up the answering and problem solving systems that define current research approaches. While there are multiple research method books, the subject lacks an update and integrated source of reference for graduate courses. Research Methodologies, Innovations and Philosophies in Software Systems Engineering and Information Systems aims to advance scientific knowledge on research approaches used in systems engineering, software engineering, and information systems and to update and integrate disperse and valuable knowledge on research approaches. This aims to be a collection of knowledge for PhD students, research-oriented faculty, and instructors of graduate courses.

Software Design And Development Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Editor: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466643021
File Size: 69,44 MB
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Innovative tools and techniques for the development and design of software systems are essential to the problem solving and planning of software solutions. Software Design and Development: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications brings together the best practices of theory and implementation in the development of software systems. This reference source is essential for researchers, engineers, practitioners, and scholars seeking the latest knowledge on the techniques, applications, and methodologies for the design and development of software systems.

Cytherica

Author: Josef Chytry
Editor: Peter Lang
ISBN: 9780820474168
File Size: 63,73 MB
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Cytherica boldly introduces a new faculty of thought called cytherics to contemporary academic discursivities. It defines cytherics as the sighting and siting of an aesthetic-erotic, or «aphrodisian», environment. Building on the furthest extensions of aesthetics since the eighteenth century, cytherics develops both the aesthetic-political and aesthetic-erotic dimensions of the aesthetic tradition to formulate exciting new responses to the pressing issues of contemporary societies. While drawing richly on the background of German and European Hellenism, this book provides valuable new insights for those working in the areas of the aesthetic-political, critical theory, postmodernist discursivities, and dialectical speculation.

Infrared Spectroscopy In Conservation Science

Author: Michele R. Derrick
Editor: Getty Publications
ISBN: 0892364696
File Size: 29,57 MB
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This book provides practical information on the use of infrared (IR) spectroscopy for the analysis of materials found in cultural objects. Designed for scientists and students in the fields of archaeology, art conservation, microscopy, forensics, chemistry, and optics, the book discusses techniques for examining the microscopic amounts of complex, aged components in objects such as paintings, sculptures, and archaeological fragments. Chapters include the history of infrared spectroscopy, the basic parameters of infrared absorption theory, IR instrumentation, analysis methods, sample collection and preparation, and spectra interpretation. The authors cite several case studies, such as examinations of Chumash Indian paints and the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Institute’s Tools for Conservation series provides practical scientific procedures and methodologies for the practice of conservation. The series is specifically directed to conservation scientists, conservators, and technical experts in related fields.

The Philosophy Of Creativity

Author: Elliot Samuel Paul
Editor: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199836973
File Size: 75,22 MB
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Creativity pervades human life. It is the mark of individuality, the vehicle of self-expression, and the engine of progress in every human endeavor. It also raises a wealth of neglected and yet evocative philosophical questions: What is the role of consciousness in the creative process? How does the audience for a work for art influence its creation? How can creativity emerge through childhood pretending? Do great works of literature give us insight into human nature? Can a computer program really be creative? How do we define creativity in the first place? Is it a virtue? What is the difference between creativity in science and art? Can creativity be taught? The new essays that comprise The Philosophy of Creativity take up these and other key questions and, in doing so, illustrate the value of interdisciplinary exchange. Written by leading philosophers and psychologists involved in studying creativity, the essays integrate philosophical insights with empirical research.